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Pediatric Trichinosis Treatment & Management

  • Author: Germaine L Defendi, MD, MS, FAAP; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
Updated: Feb 24, 2015

Medical Care

Attention to basic and advanced life support is mandatory in patients who present with severe cardiopulmonary or neurologic compromise.


Surgical Care

Surgery is unnecessary unless a biopsy of a tender skeletal muscle is required.



Consultation with an infectious diseases specialist is often helpful. Consultation with a neurologist or cardiologist may be appropriate for patients who present with corresponding organ involvement.



Avoidance of under-cooked meat is preventative. Cooking thoroughly pork or bear meat until an adequate internal temperature is reached. Storing pork at – 15 °  C for almost 3 weeks is also effective in killing Trichinella larvae. See Deterrence/Prevention section.



Patient tolerance determines activity restrictions; myalgias are most common in association with activity during the acute parenteral stage.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Germaine L Defendi, MD, MS, FAAP Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Olive View-UCLA Medical Center

Germaine L Defendi, MD, MS, FAAP is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Russell W Steele, MD Clinical Professor, Tulane University School of Medicine; Staff Physician, Ochsner Clinic Foundation

Russell W Steele, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Association of Immunologists, American Pediatric Society, American Society for Microbiology, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Louisiana State Medical Society, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, Society for Pediatric Research, Southern Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Ashir Kumar, MD, MBBS FAAP, Professor Emeritus, Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine

Ashir Kumar, MD, MBBS is a member of the following medical societies: Infectious Diseases Society of America, American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Basim Asmar, MD Director, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Michigan; Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine

Basim Asmar, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Society for Microbiology, Infectious Diseases Society of America, and Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Leslie L Barton, MD Professor Emerita of Pediatrics, University of Arizona College of Medicine

Leslie L Barton, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, Association of Pediatric Program Directors, Infectious Diseases Society of America, and Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Swati Garekar, MBBS Staff Physician, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan

Swati Garekar, MBBS is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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