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Pediatric Carbamazepine Toxicity Follow-up

  • Author: Muhammad Waseem, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Timothy E Corden, MD  more...
Updated: Apr 22, 2016

Further Outpatient Care

See the list below:

  • Patients should follow up with their primary care provider within 24-48 hours after their discharge.
  • The physician should reevaluate the patient's condition and discuss the prevention of future episodes.

Further Inpatient Care

Discharge patients with carbamazepine toxicity if the following conditions are met:

  • The patient is symptom free and the carbamazepine level has decreased to less than 4-8 mg/L. Obviously, patients with significant toxicity should be admitted and patients with life threatening or potentially life-threatening signs and/or symptoms should be admitted to an ICU.
  • An exception to decreasing the carbamazepine level to a subtherapeutic level is in the patient who is taking carbamazepine for seizure control. These patients may be discharged with a therapeutic serum level of carbamazepine or another substituted anticonvulsant.
  • After being “medically cleared," the patient should not be discharged from the hospital until personnel from social services or child protective services or a psychiatrist agrees, if the case required the notification of these professionals.


See the list below:

  • A discussion with the patient's parents concerning the safe storage and dosage of medications is essential.
  • Parents should be provided the toll-free telephone number for the American Association of Poison Control Centers (800-222-1222).

Patient Education

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Contributor Information and Disclosures

Muhammad Waseem, MD, MS Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine in Clinical Pediatrics, Associate Professor of Clinical Healthcare Policy and Research, Weill Medical College of Cornell University; Consulting Staff, Department of Emergency Medicine, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center

Muhammad Waseem, MD, MS is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Emergency Physicians, American Heart Association, Society of Critical Care Medicine, Society for Simulation in Healthcare, American Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Joel R Gernsheimer, MD, FACEP Visiting Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Attending Physician and Director of Geriatric Emergency Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center

Joel R Gernsheimer, MD, FACEP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Emergency Physicians, American Geriatrics Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Nicholas D Caputo, MD House Staff, Department of Emergency Medicine, Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center/Weill Cornell Medical College

Nicholas D Caputo, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Emergency Physicians, Emergency Medicine Residents' Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Jeffrey R Tucker, MD Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Connecticut Children's Medical Center

Disclosure: Received salary from Merck for employment.

Chief Editor

Timothy E Corden, MD Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Co-Director, Policy Core, Injury Research Center, Medical College of Wisconsin; Associate Director, PICU, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin

Timothy E Corden, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, Phi Beta Kappa, Society of Critical Care Medicine, Wisconsin Medical Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

William T Zempsky, MD Associate Director, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, University of Connecticut and Connecticut Children's Medical Center

William T Zempsky, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


The authors and editors of Medscape Reference gratefully acknowledge the contributions of previous author Girish G Deshpande, MD, to the original writing and development of this article.

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Chemical structure of carbamazepine.
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