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Birt-Hogg-Dube Syndrome Follow-up

  • Author: Krista K Buckley, DO; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
 
Updated: Oct 22, 2015
 

Deterrence/Prevention

Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) cannot be prevented, but associated findings of renal carcinoma, pulmonary cysts, and pneumothoraces can be monitored.

Advise Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome patients regarding the increased risk of pneumothorax with activities altering ambient pressure, such as scuba diving and air travel, particularly if they have chest pain or shortness of breath.[19]

Encourage smoking cessation in Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome patients as smoking may be a risk factor for spontaneous pneumothorax and renal cancer.

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Prognosis

The prognosis depends on associated internal disease. Mortality and morbidity associated with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome may be related to associated internal manifestations, such as renal cell carcinoma, pulmonary cysts, and spontaneous pneumothoraces.[73] Papillary renal cell carcinoma has malignant potential, while pure renal oncocytomas are benign. Evaluate colonic polyps for malignant potential. Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome patients with a history of smoking appear to have more severe lung disease than those who do not smoke.[74] Otherwise, the morbidity of cutaneous lesions is limited to cosmetic appearance.

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Patient Education

Instruct patients with Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome to encourage family members to be screened using renal ultrasonography and CT scanning of the abdomen and pelvis because Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome is autosomal dominant.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Krista K Buckley, DO Dermatologist, Annapolis Dermatology Center

Krista K Buckley, DO is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, Maryland Dermatologic Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Jeffrey Meffert, MD Associate Clinical Professor of Dermatology, University of Texas School of Medicine at San Antonio

Jeffrey Meffert, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American Medical Association, Association of Military Dermatologists, Texas Dermatological Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Michelle Bongiorno Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, F Edward Hebert School of Medicine

Michelle Bongiorno is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Richard P Vinson, MD Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Dermatology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Paul L Foster School of Medicine; Consulting Staff, Mountain View Dermatology, PA

Richard P Vinson, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, Texas Medical Association, Association of Military Dermatologists, Texas Dermatological Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Dirk M Elston, MD Professor and Chairman, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine

Dirk M Elston, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Franklin Flowers, MD Department of Dermatology, Professor Emeritus Affiliate Associate Professor of Pathology, University of Florida College of Medicine

Franklin Flowers, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Mohs Surgery

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Mary Farley, MD Dermatologic Surgeon/Mohs Surgeon, Anne Arundel Surgery Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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