Cutaneous Melanoacanthoma Treatment & Management

Updated: Jun 10, 2016
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Treatment

Surgical Care

Simple excision is curative for melanoacanthomas. Cutaneous melanoacanthoma is benign and may be removed with curettage. However, one theory suggests that cutaneous melanoacanthoma may be self-limited and it resolves without intervention.

Cryotherapy may be used if the diagnosis is certain and if histologic examination is not required. Additionally, argon plasma coagulation is a new treatment option for oral melanoacanthoma. [32]

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Consultations

A dermatologist should be consulted to confirm the diagnosis of melanoacanthomas.

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Complications

Scarring can be expected after the surgical or cryotherapeutic removal of a melanoacanthoma. Melanoacanthomas that extend from the upper eyelid to beyond the lower eyelid can obstruct the patient's vision.

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Long-Term Monitoring

Standard follow-up care may be needed to assess healing and address cosmetic issues.

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