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Lupus Miliaris Disseminatus Faciei Workup

  • Author: Jeffrey Meffert, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
 
Updated: Aug 18, 2015
 

Imaging Studies

Imaging is not indicated for lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) unless sarcoidosis is suspected.

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Other Tests

Tests are not indicated for lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) unless sarcoidosis is considered likely.

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Procedures

Skin biopsy may be necessary if the diagnosis of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) is in doubt. Biopsy may help distinguish LMDF from the more common granulomatous rosacea, sarcoidosis, or benign adnexal neoplasms such as syringomas. Potential complications of biopsy are scarring, infection, or insufficient biopsy material for diagnosis.

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Histologic Findings

Early lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) lesions show superficial perivascular and periappendiceal lymphocytic infiltrates with a few histiocytes and neutrophils. Fully developed lesions show round granulomas, often with caseation necrosis.[6] The changes mimic miliary tuberculosis. Mixtures of sarcoidal and tuberculoid granulomas also may be seen. Late lesions show fibrosis with scattered lymphocytes, histiocytes, and neutrophils and also may be perifollicular and may show epidermal thinning. Note the image below.

Histopathology of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciHistopathology of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei showing nodule with caseation necrosis. Image courtesy of Dr. Dirk Elston.
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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Jeffrey Meffert, MD Associate Clinical Professor of Dermatology, University of Texas School of Medicine at San Antonio

Jeffrey Meffert, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American Medical Association, Association of Military Dermatologists, Texas Dermatological Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

David F Butler, MD Section Chief of Dermatology, Central Texas Veterans Healthcare System; Professor of Dermatology, Texas A&M University College of Medicine; Founding Chair, Department of Dermatology, Scott and White Clinic

David F Butler, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, Alpha Omega Alpha, Association of Military Dermatologists, American Academy of Dermatology, American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, American Society for MOHS Surgery, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Jeffrey J Miller, MD Associate Professor of Dermatology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine; Staff Dermatologist, Pennsylvania State Milton S Hershey Medical Center

Jeffrey J Miller, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Dermatology, Society for Investigative Dermatology, Association of Professors of Dermatology, North American Hair Research Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Dirk M Elston, MD Professor and Chairman, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine

Dirk M Elston, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
  1. van de Scheur MR, van der Waal RI, Starink TM. Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei: a distinctive rosacea-like syndrome and not a granulomatous form of rosacea. Dermatology. 2003. 206(2):120-3. [Medline].

  2. Skowron F, Causeret AS, Pabion C, Viallard AM, Balme B, Thomas L. F.I.GU.R.E.: facial idiopathic granulomas with regressive evolution. is 'lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei' still an acceptable diagnosis in the third millennium?. Dermatology. 2000. 201(4):287-9. [Medline].

  3. Hodak E, Trattner A, Feuerman H, et al. Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei--the DNA of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is not detectable in active lesions by polymerase chain reaction. Br J Dermatol. 1997 Oct. 137(4):614-9. [Medline].

  4. Shitara A. Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei. Int J Dermatol. 1984 Oct. 23(8):542-4. [Medline].

  5. Misago N, Nakafusa J, Narisawa Y. Childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis: lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei in children?. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2005 Jul. 19(4):470-3. [Medline].

  6. el Darouti M, Zaher H. Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei--pathologic study of early, fully developed, and late lesions. Int J Dermatol. 1993 Jul. 32(7):508-11. [Medline].

  7. Uesugi Y, Aiba S, Usuba M, Tagami H. Oral prednisone in the treatment of acne agminata. Br J Dermatol. 1996 Jun. 134(6):1098-100. [Medline].

  8. Tokunaga H, Okuyama R, Tagami H, Aiba S. Intramuscular triamcinolone acetonide for lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei. Acta Derm Venereol. 2007. 87(5):451-2. [Medline].

  9. Berbis P, Privat Y. Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei: efficacy of isotretinoin. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1987 Jun. 16(6):1271-2. [Medline].

  10. Koike Y, Hatamochi A, Koyano S, Namikawa H, Hamasaki Y, Yamazaki S. Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei successfully treated with tranilast: Report of two cases. J Dermatol. 2011 Jun. 38(6):588-92. [Medline].

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Histopathology of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei showing nodule with caseation necrosis. Image courtesy of Dr. Dirk Elston.
Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei central facial papules. Courtesy of San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium.
Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei.
 
 
 
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