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Pachydermoperiostosis Treatment & Management

  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
 
Updated: Jun 21, 2016
 

Medical Care

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroids may alleviate the polyarthritis associated with pachydermoperiostosis or primary hypertropic osteoarthropathy.

In isolated cases, pamidronate and tamoxifen citrate have been reported as effective therapies for the painful osteoarthropathy associated with pachydermoperiostosis or primary hypertropic osteoarthropathy.[44, 45, 46, 47]

In a single case report, pachydermoperiostosis or primary hypertropic osteoarthropathy associated arthritis was treated with the combination of oral administration of risedronate sodium and arthroscopic synovectomy.[48]

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Surgical Care

Vagotomy may improve the articular pain and swelling associated with pachydermoperiostosis or primary hypertropic osteoarthropathy.

Plastic surgery may improve the appearance of the face and scalp by excising redundant skin and correcting the cutis verticis gyrata. Bilateral blepharoplasties, tarsal wedge resections, excision of skin furrows, and facial rhytidectomy have been described as methods of providing cosmetic improvement.[49, 50, 51]

Surgical correction of the clubbing through bilateral resection and shortening of the nail bed, nail matrix, and soft tissue has been reported.[52]

If anti-inflammatory therapy is insufficient with knee arthritis, arthroscopic synovectomy and radiosynoviorthesis performed consecutively may be an option.[53]

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Complications

Patients with pachydermoperiostosis or primary hypertropic osteoarthropathy may develop severe kyphosis, restricted motion, and neurologic manifestations.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH Professor and Head of Dermatology, Professor of Pathology, Pediatrics, Medicine, and Preventive Medicine and Community Health, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School; Visiting Professor, Rutgers University School of Public Affairs and Administration

Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, New York Academy of Medicine, American Academy of Dermatology, American College of Physicians, Sigma Xi

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Supriya Goyal, MD Consulting Dermatologist

Supriya Goyal, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Gregory M Richards, MD Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Gregory M Richards, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American College of Radiology, American Medical Association, American Roentgen Ray Society, American Society for Radiation Oncology, Radiological Society of North America, American Society of Clinical Oncology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Rajiv Goyal, MD Radiologist, Department of Radiology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Center

Rajiv Goyal, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, MedChi The Maryland State Medical Society, Radiological Society of North America, Maryland State Medical Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

David F Butler, MD Section Chief of Dermatology, Central Texas Veterans Healthcare System; Professor of Dermatology, Texas A&M University College of Medicine; Founding Chair, Department of Dermatology, Scott and White Clinic

David F Butler, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, Alpha Omega Alpha, Association of Military Dermatologists, American Academy of Dermatology, American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, American Society for MOHS Surgery, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Van Perry, MD Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Texas School of Medicine at San Antonio

Van Perry, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

William D James, MD Paul R Gross Professor of Dermatology, Vice-Chairman, Residency Program Director, Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

William D James, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, Society for Investigative Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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