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Eumycetoma (Fungal Mycetoma) Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: George Turiansky, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
 
Updated: Aug 17, 2015
 
 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

George Turiansky, MD Professor, Department of Dermatology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

George Turiansky, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American Medical Association, Association of Military Dermatologists, Association of Professors of Dermatology, Ukrainian Medical Association of North America

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Michael J Wells, MD, FAAD Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Paul L Foster School of Medicine

Michael J Wells, MD, FAAD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Dermatology, American Medical Association, Texas Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Paul Krusinski, MD Director of Dermatology, Fletcher Allen Health Care; Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Vermont College of Medicine

Paul Krusinski, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American College of Physicians, Society for Investigative Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Dirk M Elston, MD Professor and Chairman, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine

Dirk M Elston, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Daniel J Hogan, MD Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine (Dermatology), Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine; Investigator, Hill Top Research, Florida Research Center

Daniel J Hogan, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Dermatology, American Contact Dermatitis Society, Canadian Dermatology Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
  1. Carter HV. On a new and striking form of fungus disease principally affecting the foot and prevailing endemically in many parts of India. Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay. 1860. 6:104-42.

  2. Carter HV. On mycetoma or the fungus disease of India. London, England: J & A Churchill; 1874.

  3. Green WO Jr, Adams TE. Mycetoma in the United States; a review and report of seven additional cases. Am J Clin Pathol. 1964 Jul. 42:75-91. [Medline].

  4. Abbott P. Mycetoma in the Sudan. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1956 Jan. 50(1):11-24; discussion, 24-30. [Medline].

  5. Werlinger KD, Yen Moore A. Eumycotic mycetoma caused by Cladophialophora bantiana in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2005 May. 52(5 Suppl 1):S114-7. [Medline].

  6. Turiansky GW, Benson PM, Sperling LC, Sau P, Salkin IF, McGinnis MR, et al. Phialophora verrucosa: a new cause of mycetoma. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1995 Feb. 32(2 Pt 2):311-5. [Medline].

  7. Mathuram Thiyagarajan U, Bagul A, Nicholson ML. A nodulo-cystic eumycetoma caused by Pyrenochaeta romeroi in a renal transplant recipient: A case report. J Med Case Reports. 2011 Sep 14. 5(1):460. [Medline]. [Full Text].

  8. Ahmed AO, Desplaces N, Leonard P, Goldstein F, De Hoog S, Verbrugh H, et al. Molecular detection and identification of agents of eumycetoma: detailed report of two cases. J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Dec. 41(12):5813-6. [Medline].

  9. Hemalata M, Prasad S, Venkatesh K, Niveditha SR, Kumar SA. Cytological diagnosis of actinomycosis and eumycetoma: a report of two cases. Diagn Cytopathol. 2010 Dec. 38(12):918-20. [Medline].

  10. Gabhane SK, Gangane N, Anshu. Cytodiagnosis of eumycotic mycetoma: a case report. Acta Cytol. 2008 May-Jun. 52(3):354-6. [Medline].

  11. Ahmed M, Sureka J, Chacko G, Eapen A. MRI findings in cranial eumycetoma. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 2011 Oct. 21(4):261-3. [Medline].

  12. Mahgoub ES, Gumaa SA. Ketoconazole in the treatment of eumycetoma due to Madurella mycetomii. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1984. 78(3):376-9. [Medline].

  13. Degavre B, Joujoux JM, Dandurand M, Guillot B. First report of mycetoma caused by Arthrographis kalrae: successful treatment with itraconazole. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1997 Aug. 37(2 Pt 2):318-20. [Medline].

  14. Lee MW, Kim JC, Choi JS, Kim KH, Greer DL. Mycetoma caused by Acremonium falciforme: successful treatment with itraconazole. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1995 May. 32(5 Pt 2):897-900. [Medline].

  15. Lacroix C, de Kerviler E, Morel P, Derouin F, Feuilhade de Chavin M. Madurella mycetomatis mycetoma treated successfully with oral voriconazole. Br J Dermatol. 2005 May. 152(5):1067-8. [Medline].

  16. N'diaye B, Dieng MT, Perez A, Stockmeyer M, Bakshi R. Clinical efficacy and safety of oral terbinafine in fungal mycetoma. Int J Dermatol. 2006 Feb. 45(2):154-7. [Medline].

  17. Diaz M, Negroni R, Montero-Gei F, Castro LG, Sampaio SA, Borelli D, et al. A Pan-American 5-year study of fluconazole therapy for deep mycoses in the immunocompetent host. Pan-American Study Group. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Mar. 14 Suppl 1:S68-76. [Medline].

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Eumycetoma of the leg with tumefaction, deformity, and multiple sinus tracts in a patient from Costa Rica. Courtesy of Mervyn L. Elgart, MD, Washington, DC.
Eumycetoma of the foot with tumefaction, deformity, and multiple sinus tracts. Courtesy of Mervyn L. Elgart, MD, Washington, DC.
 
 
 
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