Close
New

Medscape is available in 5 Language Editions – Choose your Edition here.

 

Bowen Disease Medication

  • Author: Mary V Kaldas, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
 
Updated: Sep 07, 2014
 

Medication Summary

The goals of therapy for Bowen disease are to reduce morbidity and to prevent complications.

Next

Antineoplastic agents

Class Summary

Topical agents that may be used in the management of Bowen disease.

5-Fluorouracil (Efudex, Carac, Adrucil, Fluoroplex)

 

5-Fluorouracil administered topically under occlusion, following the use of keratolytic or cryotherapy, or by iontophoresis (an electrogradient-driven chemical delivery system), can be used. Interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking methylation of deoxyuridylic acid and inhibits thymidylate synthetase, which subsequently reduces cell proliferation.

Imiquimod (Aldara)

 

Precise mechanism of action for treatment of Bowen disease is unknown. May increase tumor infiltration of lymphocytes, dendritic cells, and macrophages. Indicated when surgical methods are not appropriate.

Previous
 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Mary V Kaldas, MD Resident Physician in Anatomic Pathology, National Institutes of Health

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Mark P Eid, MD Founder and Director, Virginia Dermatology and Skin Surgery Center

Mark P Eid, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American Medical Association, American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, Pennsylvania Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Bryan E Anderson, MD Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine

Bryan E Anderson, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, Pennsylvania Medical Society, American Contact Dermatitis Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

David F Butler, MD Section Chief of Dermatology, Central Texas Veterans Healthcare System; Professor of Dermatology, Texas A&M University College of Medicine; Founding Chair, Department of Dermatology, Scott and White Clinic

David F Butler, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, Alpha Omega Alpha, Association of Military Dermatologists, American Academy of Dermatology, American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, American Society for MOHS Surgery, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Edward F Chan, MD Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Edward F Chan, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American Society of Dermatopathology, Society for Investigative Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Dirk M Elston, MD Professor and Chairman, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine

Dirk M Elston, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Kelly M Cordoro, MD Assistant Professor of Clinical Dermatology and Pediatrics, Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine

Kelly M Cordoro, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Dermatology, American Medical Association, Medical Society of Virginia, Society for Pediatric Dermatology, Women's Dermatologic Society, Association of Professors of Dermatology, National Psoriasis Foundation, Dermatology Foundation

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Theresa Dressler Conologue, DO, FAAD Physician, Department of Dermatology, Geisinger Medical Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Carrie A H Hall, MD Resident Physician, National Capital Consortium Dermatology Residency Program, National Naval Medical Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Mark L Welch, MD Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, Howard University; Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
  1. Chute CG, Chuang TY, Bergstralh EJ, Su WP. The subsequent risk of internal cancer with Bowen's disease. A population-based study. JAMA. 1991 Aug 14. 266(6):816-9. [Medline].

  2. Reizner GT, Chuang TY, Elpern DJ, Stone JL, Farmer ER. Bowen's disease (squamous cell carcinoma in situ) in Kauai, Hawaii. A population-based incidence report. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1994 Oct. 31(4):596-600. [Medline].

  3. [Guideline] Morton CA, Birnie AJ, Eedy DJ. British Association of Dermatologists' guidelines for the management of squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease) 2014. Br J Dermatol. 2014 Feb. 170(2):245-60. [Medline].

  4. Arbesman H, Ransohoff DF. Is Bowen's disease a predictor for the development of internal malignancy? A methodological critique of the literature. JAMA. 1987 Jan 23-30. 257(4):516-8. [Medline].

  5. Graham JH, Helwig EB. Bowen's disease and its relationship to systemic cancer. AMA Arch Derm. 1959 Aug. 80(2):133-59. [Medline].

  6. Jaeger AB, Gramkow A, Hjalgrim H, Melbye M, Frisch M. Bowen disease and risk of subsequent malignant neoplasms: a population-based cohort study of 1147 patients. Arch Dermatol. 1999 Jul. 135(7):790-3. [Medline].

  7. Poole S, Fenske NA. Cutaneous markers of internal malignancy. II. Paraneoplastic dermatoses and environmental carcinogens. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1993 Feb. 28(2 Pt 1):147-64. [Medline].

  8. Jaeger AB, Gramkow A, Hjalgrim H, Melbye M, Frisch M. Bowen disease and risk of subsequent malignant neoplasms: a population-based cohort study of 1147 patients. Arch Dermatol. 1999 Jul. 135(7):790-3. [Medline].

  9. Shannon RL, Strayer DS. Arsenic-induced skin toxicity. Hum Toxicol. 1989 Mar. 8(2):99-104. [Medline].

  10. Gupta S, Nutan, Dogra S, Kanwar AJ. Bowen Disease over photoprotected site in an Indian male. Dermatol Online J. 2009 Oct 15. 15(10):16. [Medline].

  11. Kossard S, Rosen R. Cutaneous Bowen's disease. An analysis of 1001 cases according to age, sex, and site. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1992 Sep. 27(3):406-10. [Medline].

  12. Kovacs A, Yonemoto K, Katsuoka K, Nishiyama S, Harhai I. Bowen's disease: statistical study of a 10 year period. J Dermatol. 1996 Apr. 23(4):267-74. [Medline].

  13. Boer-Auer A, Jones M, Lyasnichaya OV. Cytokeratin 10-negative nested pattern enables sure distinction of clonal seborrheic keratosis from pagetoid Bowen's disease. J Cutan Pathol. 2012 Feb. 39(2):225-33. [Medline].

  14. Terada T. Pigmented Bowen disease arising in pigmented reticulated seborrheic keratosis. Int J Clin Oncol. 2010 Dec. 15(6):608-10. [Medline].

  15. Saxena A, Kasper DA, Campanelli CD, Lee JB, Humphreys TR, Webster GF. Pigmented Bowen's disease clinically mimicking melanoma of the nail. Dermatol Surg. 2006 Dec. 32(12):1522-5. [Medline].

  16. Hunt KM, Srivastava RK, Elmets CA, Athar M. The mechanistic basis of arsenicosis: Pathogenesis of skin cancer. Cancer Lett. 2014 Aug 27. [Medline].

  17. Derancourt C, Mougin C, Chopard Lallier M, Coumes-Marquet S, Drobacheff C, Laurent R. [Oncogenic human papillomaviruses in extra-genital Bowen disease revealed by in situ hybridization]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2001 Jun-Jul. 128(6-7):715-8. [Medline].

  18. McKee P, Calonje E, Granter S. Tumors of the surface epithelium. Pathology of the Skin. 3rd. London: Elsevier Mosby; 2005. 2: 1193-1197.

  19. Shim WH, Park HJ, Kim HS, et al. Bowenoid Papulosis of the Vulva and Subsequent Periungual Bowen's Disease Induced by the Same Mucosal HPVs. Ann Dermatol. 2011 Nov. 23(4):493-6. [Medline]. [Full Text].

  20. Euvrard S, Chardonnet Y, Pouteil-Noble C, et al. Association of skin malignancies with various and multiple carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic human papillomaviruses in renal transplant recipients. Cancer. 1993 Oct 1. 72(7):2198-206. [Medline].

  21. Drake AL, Walling HW. Variations in presentation of squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease) in immunocompromised patients. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 Jul. 59(1):68-71. [Medline].

  22. Boer-Auer A, Jones M, Lyasnichaya OV. Cytokeratin 10-negative nested pattern enables sure distinction of clonal seborrheic keratosis from pagetoid Bowen's disease. J Cutan Pathol. 2012 Feb. 39(2):225-33. [Medline].

  23. Bargman H, Hochman J. Topical treatment of Bowen's disease with 5-Fluorouracil. J Cutan Med Surg. 2003 Mar-Apr. 7(2):101-5. [Medline].

  24. Fulton JE Jr, Carter DM, Hurley HJ. Treatment of Bowen's disease with topical 5-fluorouracil under occlusion. Arch Dermatol. 1968 Feb. 97(2):178-80. [Medline].

  25. Sturm HM. Bowen's disease and 5-fluorouracil. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1979 Dec. 1(6):513-22. [Medline].

  26. Welch ML, Grabski WJ, McCollough ML, et al. 5-fluorouracil iontophoretic therapy for Bowen's disease. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1997 Jun. 36(6 Pt 1):956-8. [Medline].

  27. Mackenzie-Wood A, Kossard S, de Launey J, Wilkinson B, Owens ML. Imiquimod 5% cream in the treatment of Bowen's disease. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001 Mar. 44(3):462-70. [Medline].

  28. van Egmond S, Hoedemaker C, Sinclair R. Successful treatment of perianal Bowen's disease with imiquimod. Int J Dermatol. 2007 Mar. 46(3):318-9. [Medline].

  29. Alessi SS, Sanches JA, de Oliveira WR, Messina MC, Pimentel ER, Festa Neto C. Treatment of cutaneous tumors with topical 5% imiquimod cream. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2009. 64(10):961-6. [Medline]. [Full Text].

  30. Imiquimod for superficial and in situ skin malignancy. Drug Ther Bull. 2009 Oct. 47(10):113-6. [Medline].

  31. Fernandez-Vozmediano J, Armario-Hita J. Infiltrative squamous cell carcinoma on the scalp after treatment with 5% imiquimod cream. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2005 Apr. 52(4):716-7. [Medline].

  32. Dupree MT, Kiteley RA, Weismantle K, Panos R, Johnstone PA. Radiation therapy for Bowen's disease: lessons for lesions of the lower extremity. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001 Sep. 45(3):401-4. [Medline].

  33. Anna Z, John K, Maria T, et al. The potential role of radiation therapy in Bowen's disease: a review of the current literature. Rev Recent Clin Trials. 2012 Feb. 7(1):42-6. [Medline].

  34. [Guideline] Braathen LR, Szeimies RM, Basset-Seguin N, et al. Guidelines on the use of photodynamic therapy for nonmelanoma skin cancer: an international consensus. International Society for Photodynamic Therapy in Dermatology, 2005. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007 Jan. 56(1):125-43. [Medline].

  35. Jones CM, Mang T, Cooper M, Wilson BD, Stoll HL Jr. Photodynamic therapy in the treatment of Bowen's disease. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1992 Dec. 27(6 Pt 1):979-82. [Medline].

  36. [Guideline] Christensen E, Warloe T, Kroon S, et al. Guidelines for practical use of MAL-PDT in non-melanoma skin cancer. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2010 May. 24 (5):505-12. [Medline].

  37. Ferrandiz L, Ruiz-de-Casas A, Trakatelli M, et al. Assessing physicians' preferences on skin cancer treatment in Europe. Br J Dermatol. 2012 Aug. 167 Suppl 2:29-35. [Medline].

  38. Cleary RK, Schaldenbrand JD, Fowler JJ, Schuler JM, Lampman RM. Treatment options for perianal Bowen's disease: survery of American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Members. Am Surg. 2000 Jul. 66(7):686-8. [Medline].

  39. Leibovitch I, Huilgol SC, Selva D, Richards S, Paver R. Cutaneous squamous carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease): treatment with Mohs micrographic surgery. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2005 Jun. 52(6):997-1002. [Medline].

  40. Tantikun N. Treatment of Bowen's disease of the digit with carbon dioxide laser. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000 Dec. 43(6):1080-3. [Medline].

  41. Neubert T, Lehmann P. Bowen's disease - a review of newer treatment options. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2008 Oct. 4(5):1085-95. [Medline]. [Full Text].

  42. Moreno G, Chia AL, Lim A, Shumack S. Therapeutic options for Bowen's disease. Australas J Dermatol. 2007 Feb. 48(1):1-8; quiz 9-10. [Medline].

  43. Mun JH, Park JM, Song M, et al. The use of dermatoscopy to monitor therapeutic response of Bowen disease: a dermatoscopic pathological study. Br J Dermatol. 2012 Dec. 167(6):1382-5. [Medline].

  44. Arnold HL, Odom RB, James WD. Bowen's disease. Arnold HL, Andrews GC, Odom RB, James WB, eds. Andrews' Diseases of the Skin. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders; 1990. 783-5.

 
Previous
Next
 
Squamous cell carcinoma in situ, Bowen disease. Courtesy of Hon Pak, MD.
Bowen disease right temple.
Erythroplasia of Queyrat, squamous cell carcinoma in situ of the glans penis.
 
 
 
All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2016 by WebMD LLC. This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.