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Keratoacanthoma Workup

  • Author: Tsu-Yi Chuang, MD, MPH, FAAD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
 
Updated: Feb 29, 2016
 

Procedures

One component of establishing the diagnosis of keratoacanthoma (KA) is tissue examination for histopathology. Shave biopsy results from a keratoacanthoma are indistinguishable from invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); therefore, excisional or deep incisional biopsy of the lesion is preferred.

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Histologic Findings

Keratoacanthomas (KAs) are composed of singularly well-differentiated squamous epithelium that show only a mild degree of pleomorphism and likely form masses of keratin that constitute the central core of keratoacanthoma.

Pseudocarcinomatous infiltration in keratoacanthoma typically presents a smooth, regular, well-demarcated front that does not extend beyond the level of the sweat glands.

The term SCC-KA type has been introduced for otherwise classic keratoacanthomas that reveal a peripheral zone formed by squamous cells with atypical mitotic figures, hyperchromatic nuclei, and loss of polarity to some degree. These marginal cells also may penetrate into surrounding tissue in a more aggressive pattern.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Tsu-Yi Chuang, MD, MPH, FAAD Clinical Professor, Department of Dermatology, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California; Dermatologist, HealthCare Partners

Tsu-Yi Chuang, MD, MPH, FAAD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, International Society of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Steven R Feldman, MD, PhD Professor, Departments of Dermatology, Pathology and Public Health Sciences, and Molecular Medicine and Translational Science, Wake Forest Baptist Health; Director, Center for Dermatology Research, Director of Industry Relations, Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Steven R Feldman, MD, PhD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American Society of Dermatopathology, North Carolina Medical Society, Society for Investigative Dermatology

Disclosure: Received honoraria from Amgen for consulting; Received honoraria from Abbvie for consulting; Received honoraria from Galderma for speaking and teaching; Received consulting fee from Lilly for consulting; Received ownership interest from www.DrScore.com for management position; Received ownership interest from Causa Reseasrch for management position; Received grant/research funds from Janssen for consulting; Received honoraria from Pfizer for speaking and teaching; Received consulting fee from No.

Chief Editor

William D James, MD Paul R Gross Professor of Dermatology, Vice-Chairman, Residency Program Director, Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

William D James, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, Society for Investigative Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Ryan Brashear, MD Staff Physician, Department of Dermatology, Indiana University School of Medicine

Ryan Brashear, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Arash Taheri, MD Research Fellow, Center for Dermatology Research, Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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Keratoacanthoma (squamous cell carcinoma-keratoacanthoma or SCC-KA type) on inner canthus.
Keratoacanthoma of the left forehead.
Close-up view of the keratoacanthoma.
Keratoacanthoma lesion (squamous cell carcinoma-keratoacanthoma or SCC-KA type).
 
 
 
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