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Nodular Localized Cutaneous Amyloidosis Clinical Presentation

  • Author: Nicholas V Nguyen, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
 
Updated: Nov 10, 2014
 

History

Patient history may include the following:

  • Nodular localized cutaneous amyloidosis lesions usually are asymptomatic.
  • Patients can present with single or multiple lesions.
  • In some reports, lesions were present for several years before patients sought medical attention.
  • Troublesome aspects of nodular localized cutaneous amyloidosis primarily result from patient concerns about appearance, although plaques eventually fissured in one patient in whom the plantar aspects of the feet were affected.
  • Up to 25% of reported cases of NLCA have been in patients with Sjögren syndrome.[14]
  • In some cases, patients have given a history of preceding trauma.[3, 15]
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Physical

Physical examination may reveal the following:

  • Firm nodules can present at any cutaneous site including the face, scalp, extremities, trunk and genitalia; however, acral areas are preferentially involved.[16, 17, 18, 19]
  • Nodules vary from a few millimeters to a few centimeters and may coalesce to form larger plaques.
  • Disseminated cases have been described.[20]
  • Nodules appear pink to brown or red.
  • Underlying epidermal atrophy has been described.
  • Other terms that describe the various lesions of nodular localized cutaneous amyloidosis include waxy, purpuric, yellowish, or bullous.
  • Lesions tend not to ulcerate.
  • Nodular localized cutaneous amyloidosis lacks extracutaneous findings by definition; however, one patient reported to have nodular localized cutaneous amyloidosis had amyloid deposits in the rectum.
  • Macroglossia, a typical feature of systemic amyloidosis, is not seen in nodular localized cutaneous amyloidosis.
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Causes

The cause of nodular localized cutaneous amyloidosis is not known, although the amyloid protein is derived from a localized infiltrate of plasma cells.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Nicholas V Nguyen, MD Resident Physician, Department of Dermatology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Denver Health Medical Center, University of Colorado Hospital, VA Eastern Colorado

Nicholas V Nguyen, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Dermatology, International Society of Dermatology, Society for Pediatric Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Tracy Funk, MD Fellow in Pediatric Dermatology, Department of Dermatology, The Children’s Hospital Colorado

Tracy Funk, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Dermatology, American Academy of Pediatrics, Society for Pediatric Dermatology, Women's Dermatologic Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Richard P Vinson, MD Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Dermatology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Paul L Foster School of Medicine; Consulting Staff, Mountain View Dermatology, PA

Richard P Vinson, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, Texas Medical Association, Association of Military Dermatologists, Texas Dermatological Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Warren R Heymann, MD Head, Division of Dermatology, Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School

Warren R Heymann, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, American Society of Dermatopathology, Society for Investigative Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Dirk M Elston, MD Professor and Chairman, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine

Dirk M Elston, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Catharine Lisa Kauffman, MD, FACP Georgetown Dermatology and Georgetown Dermpath

Catharine Lisa Kauffman, MD, FACP is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology, Royal Society of Medicine, Women's Dermatologic Society, American Medical Association, Society for Investigative Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Lauren Biesbroeck Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose. Marion C Miethke, MD Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Dermatology, University of Washington

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Gregory J Raugi, MD, PhD Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Washington at Seattle School of Medicine; Chief, Dermatology Section, Primary and Specialty Care Service, Veterans Administration Medical Center of Seattle

Gregory J Raugi, MD, PhD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
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The bright pink homogeneous-appearing material seen is amyloid stained with Congo red. A distinguishing feature of amyloid in the skin is an affinity to take up Congo red stain.
Amyloid shows apple green when examined with polarized light.
This transmission electron micrograph of amyloid deposited in the tissue shows loosely interwoven straight filaments.
 
 
 
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