Crouzon Syndrome Treatment & Management

Updated: Apr 18, 2016
  • Author: Lukasz Matusiak, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Treatment

Medical Care

Nonsurgical treatment of Crouzon syndrome has been performed using orthopedic and orthodontic devices, as well as prosthetic devices. [18, 19]

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Surgical Care

A neurosurgical procedure is recommended in cases of intracranial hypertension leading to further optic atrophy. This surgery is difficult, and the procedure must be considered and undertaken in stages.

Facial plastic surgery can be of great benefit. [20] It is usually based on various craniofacial osteogenesis distraction methods and systems; patients usually wear a custom-fitted helmet (or cranial band) for several months after surgery. [5, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27] It is one of the few syndromes for which the cosmetic results of the surgery can be strikingly effective. The surgery minimizes the risk linked to the neurological complications, but also has an impact on stigmatization feelings, the psychological and social implications. [28]

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Consultations

Consultations with ophthalmologists, laryngologists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and stomatologists are usually required.

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