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Crouzon Syndrome Treatment & Management

  • Author: Lukasz Matusiak, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
Updated: Apr 18, 2016

Medical Care

Nonsurgical treatment of Crouzon syndrome has been performed using orthopedic and orthodontic devices, as well as prosthetic devices.[18, 19]


Surgical Care

A neurosurgical procedure is recommended in cases of intracranial hypertension leading to further optic atrophy. This surgery is difficult, and the procedure must be considered and undertaken in stages.

Facial plastic surgery can be of great benefit.[20] It is usually based on various craniofacial osteogenesis distraction methods and systems; patients usually wear a custom-fitted helmet (or cranial band) for several months after surgery.[5, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27] It is one of the few syndromes for which the cosmetic results of the surgery can be strikingly effective. The surgery minimizes the risk linked to the neurological complications, but also has an impact on stigmatization feelings, the psychological and social implications.[28]



Consultations with ophthalmologists, laryngologists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and stomatologists are usually required.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Lukasz Matusiak, MD, PhD Assistant, Department and Clinic of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Medical University of Wroclaw

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Michael J Wells, MD, FAAD Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Paul L Foster School of Medicine

Michael J Wells, MD, FAAD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Dermatology, American Medical Association, Texas Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH Professor and Head of Dermatology, Professor of Pathology, Pediatrics, Medicine, and Preventive Medicine and Community Health, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School; Visiting Professor, Rutgers University School of Public Affairs and Administration

Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, New York Academy of Medicine, American Academy of Dermatology, American College of Physicians, Sigma Xi

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Dirk M Elston, MD Professor and Chairman, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine

Dirk M Elston, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Jacek C Szepietowski, MD, PhD Professor, Vice-Head, Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical University; Director of the Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

Disclosure: Received consulting fee from Orfagen for consulting; Received consulting fee from Maruho for consulting; Received consulting fee from Astellas for consulting; Received consulting fee from Abbott for consulting; Received consulting fee from Leo Pharma for consulting; Received consulting fee from Biogenoma for consulting; Received honoraria from Janssen for speaking and teaching; Received honoraria from Medac for speaking and teaching; Received consulting fee from Dignity Sciences for consulting; .

Grazyna Szybejko-Machaj, MD, PhD Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, Wroclaw Medical University

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


The authors and editors of Medscape Reference gratefully acknowledge the contributions of previous author, Mieczyslawa Miklaszewska, MD, to the development and writing of this article.

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Acrocephaly, beaked nose, "frog face," and pseudoprognathism of Crouzon syndrome.
Malposed teeth and acanthosis nigricans around the mouth in Crouzon syndrome.
No physiological spinal curvature is observed in Crouzon syndrome.
Acanthosis nigricans of the axillary fossa in Crouzon syndrome.
Short stature and dark skin of Crouzon syndrome.
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