Meningococcal Meningitis Differential Diagnoses
- Author: Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim, MD, MSc, PhD, FAAN; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MD, DM more...
In addition to the diseases listed under Differentials, conditions that can mimic the symptoms of meningococcal meningitis include the following:
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
HIV-1 Associated CNS Conditions: Meningitis
HIV-1 Associated Opportunistic Infections: CNS Cryptococcosis
HIV-1 Associated Opportunistic Infections: CNS Toxoplasmosis
HIV-1 Associated Opportunistic Infections: Cytomegalovirus Encephalitis
Intracranial epidural abscess
Meningitis due to N meningitidis may, at presentation, be impossible to differentiate from other types of meningitis. Moreover, in the early stages, meningococcal meningitis may be misdiagnosed as a viral infection, and the patient may be discharged from an emergency department.
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