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Moyamoya Disease Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Roy Sucholeiki, MD; Chief Editor: Amy Kao, MD  more...
 
Updated: Apr 15, 2016
 
 

Diagnostic Considerations

Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of causes of or associations with moyamoya syndrome include the following:

  • Homocystinuria/homocysteinemia
  • Hyperglycemia/hypoglycemia
  • Syndrome of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS)
  • Methylmalonic acidemia
  • Propionic acidemia
  • Neurofibromatosis, type 1
  • Neurofibromatosis, type 2
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Posterior cerebral artery stroke
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Temporal/giant cell arteritis
  • Tolosa-Hunt syndrome
  • Apert syndrome
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Brainstem syndromes
  • Cranial trauma
  • Coarctation of the aorta
  • Fanconi anemia
  • Irradiation injury
  • Leptospirosis
  • Marfan syndrome
  • Mitochondrial cytopathies
  • Parasellar tumors
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Tuberculosis
  • Turner syndrome
  • Vasculitis
  • Carotid disease and stroke

Differential Diagnoses

 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Roy Sucholeiki, MD Director, Comprehensive Seizure and Epilepsy Program, The Neurosciences Institute at Central DuPage Hospital

Roy Sucholeiki, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Neurology, American Neuropsychiatric Association, American Epilepsy Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA Chief of Neurology, Hines Veterans Affairs Hospital; Professor of Neurology, Loyola University Medical Center

Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Neurology, American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine, American Clinical Neurophysiology Society, American Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Amy Kao, MD Attending Neurologist, Children's National Medical Center

Amy Kao, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Neurology, American Epilepsy Society, Child Neurology Society

Disclosure: Have stock from Cellectar Biosciences; have stock from Varian medical systems; have stock from Express Scripts.

Acknowledgements

Robert Stanley Rust Jr, MD, MA Thomas E Worrell Jr Professor of Epileptology and Neurology, Co-Director of FE Dreifuss Child Neurology and Epilepsy Clinics, Director, Child Neurology, University of Virginia; Chair-Elect, Child Neurology Section, American Academy of Neurology

Robert Stanley Rust Jr, MD, MA is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Neurology, American Epilepsy Society, American Headache Society, American Neurological Association, Child Neurology Society, International Child Neurology Association, and Society for Pediatric Research

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Medscape Reference Salary Employment

References
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