Close
New

Medscape is available in 5 Language Editions – Choose your Edition here.

 

Ocular Cysticercosis Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Smita Menon-Mehta, MBBS, DO, FRCS(Glasg); Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
 
Updated: Nov 30, 2015
 
 

Diagnostic Considerations

The following should also be included as potential causes of extraocular muscle thickening:

  • Idiopathic myositis
  • Metastases
  • Lymphoma
  • Muscle hematoma
  • Muscle abscess

Differential Diagnoses

 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Smita Menon-Mehta, MBBS, DO, FRCS(Glasg) Consulting Staff, Department of Ophthalmology, Bahrain Specialist Hospital

Smita Menon-Mehta, MBBS, DO, FRCS(Glasg) is a member of the following medical societies: All India Ophthalmological Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Simon K Law, MD, PharmD Clinical Professor of Health Sciences, Department of Ophthalmology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine

Simon K Law, MD, PharmD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, American Glaucoma Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Hampton Roy, Sr, MD Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Hampton Roy, Sr, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American College of Surgeons, Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Richard W Allinson, MD Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Texas A&M University Health Science Center; Senior Staff Ophthalmologist, Scott and White Clinic

Richard W Allinson, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Medical Association, Texas Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
  1. Murthy GR, Rao AV. Sub-conjunctival cysticercosis. Indian J Ophthalmol. 1980 Jul. 28(2):77-8. [Medline].

  2. Ziaei M, Elgohary M, Bremner FD. Orbital cysticercosis, case report and review. Orbit. 2011 Oct. 30(5):230-5. [Medline].

  3. Rath S, Honavar SG, Naik M, Anand R, Agarwal B, Krishnaiah S, et al. Orbital cysticercosis: clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and outcome. Ophthalmology. 2010 Mar. 117(3):600-5, 605.e1. [Medline].

  4. Sharma M, Beke N, Khurana S, Bhatti HS, Sehgal R, Malla N. An ocular cysticercosis case: Caused by Asian genotype of Taenia solium. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2015 Oct-Dec. 33 (4):583-5. [Medline].

  5. Ding J, Zhao H, Lin J. Surgical Excision of Orbital Cysticercosis Lodged in Superior Oblique Muscle: Clinical Case Report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Jul. 94 (30):e1026. [Medline].

  6. Goyal S, Sandhu PS, Sharma A, Malik MA, Bansal P, Kaur J. Inferior rectus muscle ocular cysticercosis: A case report. Saudi J Ophthalmol. 2015 Apr-Jun. 29 (2):175-7. [Medline].

  7. Raoot A. Lacrimal sac cysticercosis: a rare site for manifestation. Case Rep Ophthalmol Med. 2014. 2014:961815. [Medline].

  8. Li JJ, Zhang LW, Li H, Hu ZL. Clinical and pathological characteristics of intraocular cysticercosis. Korean J Parasitol. 2013 Apr. 51(2):223-9. [Medline]. [Full Text].

  9. Bartholomew RS. Subretinal Cysticercosis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1975. 79:670-73.

  10. Topilow HW, Yimoyines DJ, Freeman HM, et al. Bilateral multifocal intraocular cysticercosis. Ophthalmology. 1981 Nov. 88(11):1166-72. [Medline].

  11. Kapoor S, Kapoor MS. Ocular cysticercosis. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1978 May-Jun. 15(3):170-3. [Medline].

  12. Sharma T, Sinha S, Shah N, et al. Intraocular cysticercosis: clinical characteristics and visual outcome after vitreoretinal surgery. Ophthalmology. 2003 May. 110(5):996-1004. [Medline].

  13. Messner KH, Kammerer WS. Intraocular cysticercosis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1979 Jun. 97(6):1103-5. [Medline].

  14. Wood TR, Binder PS. Intravitreal and intracameral cysticercosis. Ann Ophthalmol. 1979 Jul. 11(7):1033-6. [Medline].

  15. Seo MS, Woo JM, Park YG. Intravitreal cysticercosis. Korean J Ophthalmol. 1996 Jun. 10(1):55-9. [Medline].

  16. Jain IS, Dhir SP, Chattopadhaya PR, Kumar P. Ocular cysticercosis in North India. Indian J Ophthalmol. 1979 Jul. 27(2):54-8. [Medline].

  17. Chandra A, Singh MK, Singh VP, et al. A live cysticercosis in anterior chamber leading to glaucoma secondary to pupilary block. J Glaucoma. 2007 Mar. 16(2):271-3. [Medline].

  18. Sachdeva RS, Manchanda SK, Abrol S, et al. Freely mobile cysticercus in the anterior chamber. Indian J Ophthalmol. 1995 Sep. 43(3):135-6. [Medline].

  19. Adegbehingbe BO, Soetan EO, Adeoye AO. Case report: intraocular cysticercosis. West Afr J Med. 2003 Dec. 22(4):354-5. [Medline].

  20. Chand K, Srivastava SK. Spontaneous expulsion of subconjunctival Cysticercus cellulosae. MJAFI. 2006. 62:188-9.

  21. Mohan K, Saroha V, Sharma A, et al. Extraocular muscle cysticercosis: clinical presentations and outcome of treatment. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2005 Jan-Feb. 42(1):28-33. [Medline].

  22. Bansal RK, Gupta A, Grewal SP, et al. Spontaneous extrusion of cysticercosis: report of three cases. Indian J Ophthalmol. 1992 Apr-Jun. 40(2):59-60. [Medline].

  23. Sundaram PM, Jayakumar N, Noronha V. Extraocular muscle cysticercosis - a clinical challenge to the ophthalmologists. Orbit. 2004 Dec. 23(4):255-62. [Medline].

  24. Labh RK, Sharma AK. Ptosis: a rare presentation of ocular cysticercosis. Nepal J Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan. 5(9):133-5. [Medline].

  25. Sudan R, Muralidhar R, Sharma P. Optic nerve cysticercosis: case report and review of current management. Orbit. 2005 Jun. 24(2):159-62. [Medline].

  26. Honavar SG, Sekhar CG. Ultrasonological characteristics of extraocular cysticercosis. Orbit. 1998 Dec. 17(4):271-284. [Medline].

  27. Atul K, Kumar TH, Mallika G, et al. Socio-demographic trends in ocular cysticercosis. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 1995 Oct. 73(5):438-41. [Medline].

  28. Tripathy SK, Sen RK, Akkina N, Hampannavar A, Tahasildar N, Limaye R. Role of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of intramuscular cysticercosis. Skeletal Radiol. 2011 Nov 19. [Medline].

  29. Sekhar GC, Honavar SG. Myocysticercosis: experience with imaging and therapy. Ophthalmology. 1999 Dec. 106(12):2336-40. [Medline].

  30. Pushker N, Bajaj MS, Chandra M, et al. Ocular and orbital cysticercosis. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2001 Aug. 79(4):408-13. [Medline].

  31. Kaur A, Agrawal A, Agrawal PK, et al. Lacrimal canalicular obstruction by cysticercus cellulosae. Orbit. 2006 Jun. 25(2):163-5. [Medline].

  32. Sekhar GC, Lemke BN. Orbital cysticercosis. Ophthalmology. 1997 Oct. 104(10):1599-604. [Medline].

  33. Beri S, Vajpayee RB, Dhingra N, et al. Managing anterior chamber cysticercosis by viscoexpression: a new surgical technique. Arch Ophthalmol. 1994 Oct. 112(10):1279-80. [Medline].

  34. Das JC, Chaudhuri Z, Bansal RL, et al. Viscoexpression of anterior chamber cysticercus cellulosae. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2002 Jun. 50(2):133-5. [Medline].

  35. Natarajan S, Malpani A, Kumar Nirmalan P, Dutta B. Management of intraocular cysticercosis. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 1999 Oct. 237(10):812-4. [Medline].

  36. Santos R, Dalma A, Ortiz E, et al. Management of subretinal and vitreous cysticercosis: role of photocoagulation and surgery. Ophthalmology. 1979 Aug. 86(8):1501-7. [Medline].

Previous
Next
 
CT scanning of the orbit demonstrating cysticercus within the medial rectus muscle observed as a hypodense area with a central hyperdensity suggestive of the scolex.
B-scan ocular ultrasonography demonstrating cysticercus within an extraocular muscle observed as a well-defined cystic mass with a central hyperechoic area.
MRI of the orbit demonstrating deep orbital cysticercus within superior muscle complex observed as a hypointense area with central hyperintensity compressing the optic nerve posteriorly.
 
 
 
All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2016 by WebMD LLC. This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.