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Sphenoid Wing Meningioma Medication

  • Author: Sally B Zachariah, MD; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
 
Updated: Oct 13, 2014
 

Medication Summary

Anecdotal reports exist in the literature regarding the usage of antihormonal agents in the treatment of meningiomas. Medical treatment is reserved for the following: atypical and malignant meningiomas as an adjunct to surgery, partially resected benign meningiomas, and recurrence of meningiomas after a surgical resection.

Tamoxifen, an antiestrogen hormone, has been reported in a handful of patients with refractory or unresectable meningiomas; in one study, usage of this agent resulted in stabilization of 6 out of 9 cases.

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Estrogen antagonists

Class Summary

Inhibit effects of estrogen by competitively binding to estrogen receptor.

Tamoxifen (Nolvadex)

 

Competitively binds to estrogen receptor, producing a nuclear complex that decreases DNA synthesis and inhibits estrogen effects.

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Progesterone antagonists

Class Summary

RU-486 has been used experimentally in the treatment of this medical condition.

Mifepristone, RU-486 (Mifeprex)

 

Experimental antiprogesterone agent. Used in patients with recurrent benign meningiomas; in one study of 14 patients, tumor regression was reported in 5 of 14 patients.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Sally B Zachariah, MD Associate Professor, Department of Neurology, University of South Florida College of Medicine; Director, Department of Neurology, Division of Strokes, Veteran Affairs Medical Center of Bay Pines

Sally B Zachariah, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Neurology, American Heart Association, American Society of Neuroimaging

Disclosure: Partner received none from none for none.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Chief Editor

Hampton Roy, Sr, MD Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Hampton Roy, Sr, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American College of Surgeons, Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Andrew W Lawton, MD Neuro-Ophthalmology, Ochsner Health Services

Andrew W Lawton, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, Arkansas Medical Society, Southern Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Suzan Khoromi, MD Fellow, Pain and Neurosensory Mechanisms Branch, National Institute of Dental and Cranial Research, National Institutes of Health

Suzan Khoromi, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Neurology, American Pain Society, and International Association for the Study of Pain

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Brian R Younge, MD Professor of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine

Brian R Younge, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, American Ophthalmological Society, and North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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Coronal T1-weighted MRI with gadolinium enhancement of a sphenoid wing meningioma with some degree of encasement of bilateral cavernous sinuses.
T1-weighted MRI with gadolinium (coronal section) of same patient with sphenoid wing meningioma. A better visualization of en plaque growth of the meningioma along the convexity of the cerebral hemisphere on the left side is seen, in addition to better illustration of intracavernous carotid arteries bilaterally and en plaque growth of meningioma inferiorly and laterally around both temporal lobes.
T1-weighted gadolinium enhanced (sagittal section) of same patient with meningioma of the sphenoid wing.
 
 
 
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