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Ophthalmologic Approach to Chemical Burns Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Mark Ventocilla, OD, FAAO; Chief Editor: John D Sheppard, Jr, MD, MMSc  more...
 
Updated: May 13, 2016
 
 

Diagnostic Considerations

In the setting of an ocular chemical injury, a full ophthalmic and a full general physical examination should be performed with special attention to the head and neck for signs of other burns to the skin. 

Differential Diagnoses

 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Mark Ventocilla, OD, FAAO Adjunct Clinical Professor, Michigan College of Optometry; Editor, American Optometric Association Ocular Surface Society Newsletter; Chief Executive Officer, Elder Eye Care Group, PLC; Chief Executive Officer, Mark Ventocilla, OD, Inc; President, California Eye Wear, Oakwood Optical

Mark Ventocilla, OD, FAAO is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Optometry, American Optometric Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Simon K Law, MD, PharmD Clinical Professor of Health Sciences, Department of Ophthalmology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine

Simon K Law, MD, PharmD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, American Glaucoma Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Christopher J Rapuano, MD Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University; Director of the Cornea Service, Co-Director of Refractive Surgery Department, Wills Eye Hospital

Christopher J Rapuano, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Ophthalmological Society, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, International Society of Refractive Surgery, Cornea Society, Eye Bank Association of America

Disclosure: Serve(d) as a director, officer, partner, employee, advisor, consultant or trustee for: Cornea Society, Allergan, Bausch & Lomb, Bio-Tissue, Shire, TearScience, TearLab<br/>Serve(d) as a speaker or a member of a speakers bureau for: Allergan, Bausch & Lomb, Bio-Tissue, TearScience.

Chief Editor

John D Sheppard, Jr, MD, MMSc Professor of Ophthalmology, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Clinical Director, Thomas R Lee Center for Ocular Pharmacology, Ophthalmology Residency Research Program Director, Eastern Virginia Medical School; President, Virginia Eye Consultants

John D Sheppard, Jr, MD, MMSc is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Society for Microbiology, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, American Uveitis Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Fernando H Murillo-Lopez, MD Senior Surgeon, Unidad Privada de Oftalmologia CEMES

Fernando H Murillo-Lopez, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Alok S Bansal, MD Fellow, Vitreoretinal Surgery, Wills Eye Hospital

Alok S Bansal, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, and International Society of Refractive Surgery

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Geoffrey Broocker, MD, FACS Walthour-DeLaPerriere Professor of Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University School of Medicine; Former Chief of Service, Ophthalmology, Grady Memorial Hospital

Geoffrey Broocker, MD, FACS is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Surgeons

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Evan S Loft, MD Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University

Evan S Loft is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Medical Association, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, and Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

J Bradley Randleman, MD Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Section of Cornea, External Disease and Refractive Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine; Director of Cornea, External Disease and Refractive Surgery Fellowship, Emory University; Physician Member, Section of Ophthalmology, The Emory Clinic

J Bradley Randleman, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Cornea Society, and International Society of Refractive Surgery

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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Alkali burn. Note the severe conjunctival reaction and stromal opacification blurring iris details inferiorly.
Severe chemical injury with early corneal neovascularization.
Complete cicatrization of the corneal surface following chemical injury.
 
 
 
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