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Eales Disease Follow-up

  • Author: Daniel B Roth, MD; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
 
Updated: Aug 21, 2014
 

Further Outpatient Care

After scatter laser photocoagulation, monitor the Eales disease patients for regression or progression of neovascularization. Instruct the patient to contact an ophthalmologist if a decrease or change in vision is noted.

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Complications

Complications of retinal neovascularization can lead to severe visual loss due to persistent vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment.

Anterior segment neovascularization can cause neovascular glaucoma with resultant visual loss and, occasionally, even loss of the eye.

Peripheral retinal nonperfusion can limit a patient's visual field, and, if the area of nonperfusion extends into the macula, severe visual loss may result. No effective treatment exists to prevent capillary nonperfusion.

Macular puckering has been reported to occur in 3% of eyes after scatter laser photocoagulation treatment of Eales disease.

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Prognosis

More than 90% of Eales disease patients can be brought to a morphological standstill with unchanging visual acuity.

Gieser and Murphy reported that 67% of patients had a final visual acuity in the better eye of 20/40 or better, 24% ranged from 20/50 to 20/200, and 9% were worse than 20/250.[2]

In another study from India, 72% of eyes that underwent vitrectomy for complications of Eales disease maintained a vision of 20/200 or better over 5 years of follow-up care.[21]

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Patient Education

Patients with Eales disease should be educated to report visual symptoms of floaters or decreased vision to their ophthalmologist as soon as possible, in order to implement effective treatment and to prevent the need of vitrectomy surgery for vitreous hemorrhage or retinal detachment.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Daniel B Roth, MD Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Retina Vitreous Center, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Daniel B Roth, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, American Society of Retina Specialists, Retina Society, American Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Howard F Fine, MD, MHSc Partner, Associated Retina Consultants, Retina Vitreous Center, PA; Co-founder and Chairman of Scientific Advisory Board, Auris Surgical Robotics, Inc

Howard F Fine, MD, MHSc is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Medical Association, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, American Society of Retina Specialists

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Simon K Law, MD, PharmD Clinical Professor of Health Sciences, Department of Ophthalmology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine

Simon K Law, MD, PharmD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, American Glaucoma Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Steve Charles, MD Director of Charles Retina Institute; Clinical Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tennessee College of Medicine

Steve Charles, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Society of Retina Specialists, Macula Society, Retina Society, Club Jules Gonin

Disclosure: Received royalty and consulting fees for: Alcon Laboratories.

Chief Editor

Hampton Roy, Sr, MD Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Hampton Roy, Sr, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Ophthalmology, American College of Surgeons, Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Russell P Jayne, MD Consulting Vitreoretinal Surgeon, The Retina Center at Las Vegas

Russell P Jayne, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, American Society of Retina Specialists

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
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Eales disease. Fundus photo of the peripheral retina, revealing vascular tortuosity and peripheral retinal neovascularization.
Eales disease. Fluorescein angiogram of late leakage from peripheral retinal neovascularization.
 
 
 
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