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Orthopedic Surgery for Friedreich Ataxia Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA; Chief Editor: Harris Gellman, MD  more...
 
Updated: Jun 05, 2013
 
 

Diagnostic Considerations

Other problems to be considered include the following:

  • Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) type 1
  • Abetalipoproteinemia
  • Other early onset ataxias (ie, Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome, Ramsay Hunt syndrome, X-linked inherited ataxia)
  • Late-onset ataxias (ie, common autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia [ADCA], Machado-Joseph disease, Cuban and other forms of ADCA, Sporadic cerebellar ataxia of late onset)
  • Developmental ataxias (ie, Dandy-Walker syndrome and Chiari malformation, Joubert syndrome, Gillespie syndrome)
  • Acquired ataxias (ie, trauma, infections [eg, viral including Epstein-Barr virus, echovirus, coxsackievirus, polio virus, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, AIDS, toxoplasmosis, Lyme disease, mycoplasma, legionellosis, bacterial abscess], vascular, neoplasms, neoplastic syndromes, demyelinating, metabolic [eg, hyponatremia, hypothyroidism, nutritional], toxins [eg, anticonvulsants, lithium, bismuth, cytotoxic drugs, solvents, methyl mercury, alcohol-related cerebellar degeneration], physical agents [eg, heatstroke])
 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA Professor of Clinical Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Residency Program Director, Louisiana State University School of Medicine in New Orleans

Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Paul E Di Cesare, MD 

Paul E Di Cesare, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, American College of Surgeons

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Harris Gellman, MD Consulting Surgeon, Broward Hand Center; Voluntary Clinical Professor of Orthopedic Surgery and Plastic Surgery, Departments of Orthopedic Surgery and Surgery, University of Miami, Leonard M Miller School of Medicine, Clinical Professor, Surgery, Nova Southeastern School of Medicine

Harris Gellman, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Medical Acupuncture, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, American Orthopaedic Association, American Society for Surgery of the Hand, Arkansas Medical Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Jegan Krishnan, MBBS, FRACS, PhD Professor, Chair, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Flinders University of South Australia; Senior Clinical Director of Orthopedic Surgery, Repatriation General Hospital; Private Practice, Orthopaedics SA, Flinders Private Hospital

Jegan Krishnan, MBBS, FRACS, PhD is a member of the following medical societies: Australian Medical Association, Australian Orthopaedic Association, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Natalya V Bulaeva, MD, PhD, and John Baker, MD, are gratefully acknowledged for their contributions to this article.

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