Tick Removal Periprocedural Care
- Author: Steven Brett Sloan, MD; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD more...
Equipment required for tick removal includes the following:
Isopropyl alcohol or other skin disinfectant
As an option, one of the following over-the-counter tick removal devices may be employed:
TRIX Tick Removal System - A tick lasso that grasps the mouth parts with a fiber loop
The Tick Key - A key-sized device with a tapered slot that allows gentle traction to be applied for removal of the tick
Sawyer Tick Pliers - Cradlehead pliers with an attached magnifier
Pro-Tick Remedy – A small metal device with a tapered end that is used to grasp the tick and gently pull it away
Ticked Off – A spoon-shaped device with a notched end that is used to grasp the tick and slide it off with gentle pressure
Tick Twister – A hook-shaped device with a pronged end that is used to grasp the tick and gently pull it while twisting
For simple, uncomplicated tick removal, anesthesia is generally unnecessary. The use of lidocaine (subcutaneously or topically) may actually irritate the tick, causing it to regurgitate its stomach contents.
The patient should be in a comfortable position that allows the clinician easy access to the tick. The room should be well lit.
Monitoring and Follow-up
Persons who have undergone tick removal should up to 30 days of monitoring for signs and symptoms of tick-borne diseases, such as the occurrence of a skin lesion at the site of the tick bite (which may suggest Lyme disease; see the images below) or a temperature higher than 38°C (which may suggest human granulocytic ehrlichiosis [HGE] or babesiosis).
Although routine use of either antimicrobial prophylaxis or serologic testing after a tick bite is not recommended, some experts recommend antibiotic therapy for patients bitten by Ixodes scapularis(Ixodes dammini) ticks that are estimated to have been attached for longer than 48 hours (on the basis of the degree of engorgement of the tick with blood), in conjunction with epidemiologic information regarding the prevalence of tick-transmitted infection.
However, accurate determination of the species of tick and assessment of the degree of engorgement are not possible on a routine basis, and the data are insufficient to demonstrate the efficacy of antimicrobial therapy in this setting.[6, 7, 8]
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