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Endocardial Cushion Defects Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM; Chief Editor: Park W Willis IV, MD  more...
 
Updated: Sep 15, 2014
 
 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM Professor and Chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Louisiana State University School of Medicine in Shreveport

Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM is a member of the following medical societies: American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American College of Surgeons, American Surgical Association, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Henry G Hanley, MD Chief of Cardiology Section, Freedman Memorial Cardiology; Professor, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Henry G Hanley, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, American College of Physicians, American Heart Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Frank M Sheridan, MD 

Frank M Sheridan, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Park W Willis IV, MD Sarah Graham Distinguished Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine

Park W Willis IV, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Society of Echocardiography

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Park W Willis IV, MD Sarah Graham Distinguished Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine

Park W Willis IV, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Society of Echocardiography

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
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  2. Cooper RS. Endocardial cushion defects: embryology, anatomy and pathophysiology. Adv Cardiol. 2004. 41:118-26. [Medline].

  3. Marelli AJ, Ionescu-Ittu R, Mackie AS, Guo L, Dendukuri N, Kaouache M. Lifetime prevalence of congenital heart disease in the general population from 2000 to 2010. Circulation. 2014 Aug 26. 130(9):749-56. [Medline].

  4. [Guideline] Marino BS, Lipkin PH, Newburger JW, Peacock G, Gerdes M, Gaynor JW, et al. Neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with congenital heart disease: evaluation and management: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2012 Aug 28. 126(9):1143-72. [Medline].

  5. Tardif JC, Schwartz SL, Vannan MA, et al. Clinical usefulness of multiplane transesophageal echocardiography: comparison to biplanar imaging. Am Heart J. 1994 Jul. 128(1):156-66. [Medline].

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  8. Holmvang G, Palacios IF, Vlahakes GJ, et al. Imaging and sizing of atrial septal defects by magnetic resonance. Circulation. 1995 Dec 15. 92(12):3473-80. [Medline].

  9. Jacobstein MD, Fletcher BD, Goldstein S, Riemenschneider TA. Evaluation of atrioventricular septal defect by magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Cardiol. 1985 Apr 15. 55(9):1158-61. [Medline].

  10. Hanley FL, Fenton KN, Jonas RA, et al. Surgical repair of complete atrioventricular canal defects in infancy. Twenty-year trends. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1993 Sep. 106(3):387-94; discussion 394-7. [Medline].

  11. Prêtre R, Dave H, Kadner A, Bettex D, Turina MI. Direct closure of the septum primum in atrioventricular canal defects. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jun. 127(6):1678-81. [Medline].

  12. Silverman N, Levitsky S, Fisher E, et al. Efficacy of pulmonary artery banding in infants with complete atrioventricular canal. Circulation. 1983 Sep. 68(3 Pt 2):II148-53. [Medline].

  13. Studer M, Blackstone EH, Kirklin JW, et al. Determinants of early and late results of repair of atrioventricular septal (canal) defects. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1982 Oct. 84(4):523-42. [Medline].

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Anatomy of the endocardial cushion defect (ie, complete form); note the common atrioventricular valve straddling the atrial septal and ventricular septal defects.
Repair of the endocardial cushion defect. The patch is covering the ostium primum atrial septal defect.
 
 
 
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