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Tricuspid Regurgitation Medication

  • Author: Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM; Chief Editor: Richard A Lange, MD, MBA  more...
 
Updated: Jun 02, 2014
 

Medication Summary

The medical therapy used in the treatment of tricuspid regurgitation is directed toward the control of heart failure that is causing or contributing to the problem. Drugs used include diuretics, digoxin, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Patients who have atrial fibrillation or who have received a prosthetic valve require anticoagulation.

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Diuretics

Class Summary

Diuretics are used to control the fluid overload associated with tricuspid regurgitation.

Furosemide (Lasix)

 

Furosemide (Lasix)

Furosemide increases excretion of water by interfering with the chloride-binding cotransport system, which in turn inhibits sodium and chloride reabsorption in the ascending loop of Henle and distal renal tubule. The dose must be individualized to the patient. Depending on response, administer at increments of 20-40 mg, no sooner than 6-8 h after the previous dose, until desired diuresis occurs. When treating infants, titrate with 1 mg/kg/dose increments until a satisfactory effect is achieved.

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Antidysrhythmics, V

Class Summary

These drugs (primarily digoxin) are used to control atrial fibrillation and to increase myocardial contractility.

Digoxin (Lanoxin)

 

Digoxin (Lanoxin, Digox)

Digoxin is a cardiac glycoside with direct inotropic effects in addition to indirect effects on the cardiovascular system. This agent acts directly on cardiac muscle, increasing myocardial systolic contractions. Its indirect actions result in increased carotid sinus nerve activity and enhanced sympathetic withdrawal for any given increase in mean arterial pressure.

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Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors

Class Summary

ACE inhibitors are used to provide afterload reduction, thereby decreasing the volume load on the right ventricle.

Captopril

 

Captopril prevents conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor, resulting in increased levels of plasma renin and a reduction in aldosterone secretion.

Enalapril (Vasotec)

 

Enalapril is a competitive ACE inhibitor that reduces angiotensin II levels and decreases aldosterone secretion.

Lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil)

 

Lisinopril prevents conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, resulting in decreased aldosterone secretion.

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Anticoagulants, Cardiovascular

Class Summary

In patients who have undergone valve replacement for treatment of severe tricuspid regurgitation, anticoagulants are used to prevent thrombosis and embolization from the prosthetic valve.

Warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)

 

Warfarin interferes with hepatic synthesis of vitamin K–dependent coagulation factors. It is used for prophylaxis and treatment of venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and thromboembolic disorders. Tailor the dose to maintain an international normalized ratio (INR) in the range of 2-3.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM Professor and Chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Louisiana State University School of Medicine in Shreveport

Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM is a member of the following medical societies: American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American College of Surgeons, American Surgical Association, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Richard A Lange, MD, MBA President, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Dean, Paul L Foster School of Medicine

Richard A Lange, MD, MBA is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, Association of Subspecialty Professors

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Martin Gerard Keane, MD, FACC, FAHA Associate Professor, Cardiovascular Medicine Division, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Martin Gerard Keane, MD, FACC, FAHA is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American College of Cardiology, American College of Physicians, American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine, American Heart Association, American Society of Echocardiography, Pennsylvania Medical Society, and Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Ronald J Oudiz, MD, FACP, FACC, FCCP Professor of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine; Director, Liu Center for Pulmonary Hypertension, Division of Cardiology, LA Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center

Ronald J Oudiz, MD, FACP, FACC, FCCP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Cardiology, American College of Chest Physicians, American College of Physicians, American Heart Association, and American Thoracic Society

Disclosure: Actelion Grant/research funds Clinical Trials + honoraria; Ikaria Grant/research funds Clinical Trials + honoraria; Gilead Grant/research funds Clinical Trials + honoraria; Pfizer Grant/research funds Clinical Trials + honoraria; United Therapeutics Grant/research funds Clinical Trials + honoraria; Lilly Grant/research funds Clinical Trials + honoraria; Lung LLC Clinical Trials + honoraria; Bayer Grant/research funds Consulting; Medtronic Consulting fee Consulting; Novartis Consulting fee Consulting

Frank M Sheridan, MD Cardiologist, Providence Everett Medical Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Medscape Salary Employment

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