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Acute Bacterial Prostatitis Clinical Presentation

  • Author: Samuel G Deem, DO; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
 
Updated: Dec 09, 2015
 

History

Acute bacterial prostatitis typically presents as an acute onset of fever, chills, malaise, dysuria, and perineal or rectal pain. One study cited that over 96% of patients present with a triad of pain, prostate enlargement, and failure to void and 92% present with fever.[9] It may also present as dysuria, urinary frequency, urinary urgency, and, occasionally, urinary retention. Acute bacterial prostatitis can be a complication of previous instrumentation, such as cystoscopy or prostate needle biopsy. Hematuria, although rare, can be in the presentation.

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Physical

In most cases, perineal tenderness alone is sufficient for a diagnosis. If a digital rectal examination is performed, it must be done cautiously, as palpation can be very painful. Measurement of vital signs is necessary, to exclude signs and symptoms of sepsis. Urinary retention is occasionally seen; these patients present with an inability to void and abdominal fullness.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Samuel G Deem, DO Faculty, Department of Urology, Charleston Area Medical Center

Samuel G Deem, DO is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Surgeons, American Osteopathic Association, American Urological Association, Endourological Society, Society of Urologic Oncology, American Society of Clinical Oncology, American College of Osteopathic Surgeons

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Michael Piesman, MD Staff Physician, Department of Internal Medicine, Madigan Army Medical Center

Michael Piesman, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Raymond A Costabile, MD Jay Y Gillenwater Professor of Urology and Vice Chairman, Senior Associate Dean for Clinical Strategy, University of Virginia Health System

Raymond A Costabile, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Medical Association, American Society of Andrology, American Urological Association, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Jonathan J Rhee, MD Physician, MidAtlantic Urology Associates

Jonathan J Rhee, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Edward David Kim, MD, FACS Professor of Surgery, Division of Urology, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine; Consulting Staff, University of Tennessee Medical Center

Edward David Kim, MD, FACS is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Surgeons, Tennessee Medical Association, Sexual Medicine Society of North America, American Society for Reproductive Medicine, American Society of Andrology, American Urological Association

Disclosure: Serve(d) as a director, officer, partner, employee, advisor, consultant or trustee for: Repros.

Acknowledgements

Edmund S Sabanegh Jr, MD Chairman, Department of Urology, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Edmund S Sabanegh Jr, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, American Society for Reproductive Medicine, American Society of Andrology, American Urological Association, Society for the Study of Male Reproduction, Society of Reproductive Surgeons, and Southwest Oncology Group

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Medscape Salary Employment

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