Myelophthisic Anemia Medication
- Author: Emmanuel C Besa, MD; Chief Editor: Koyamangalath Krishnan, MD, FRCP, FACP more...
Correction of anemia often requires blood and/or blood products. The therapy is used to restore the hemodynamics of the vascular system and replace lost red blood cells. Major morbidities of anemia can be prevented by providing timely transfusion to restore hemoglobin to safe levels.
Blood Product Derivatives
Some agents in this category are used as needed to treat anemia.
Packed red blood cells
Packed red blood cells (PRBCs) are used preferentially to whole blood because they limit volume, immune, and storage complications. PRBCs have 80% less plasma, are less immunogenic, and can be stored for about 40 days (vs 35 d for whole blood). PRBCs are obtained after centrifugation of whole blood. Leukocyte-poor PRBCs are used in patients who are transplantation candidates/recipients or in those with prior febrile transfusion reactions. Washed or frozen PRBCs are used in individuals with hypersensitivity transfusion reactions.
Pham CM, Syed AA, Siddiqui HA, Keller RA, Kowalewski C. Case of metastatic basal cell carcinoma to bone marrow, resulting in myelophthisic anemia. Am J Dermatopathol. 2013 Apr. 35 (2):e34-6. [Medline].
Delsol G, Guiu-Godfrin B, Guiu M, Pris J, Corberand J, Fabre J. Leukoerythroblastosis and cancer frequency, prognosis, and physiopathologic significance. Cancer. 1979 Sep. 44(3):1009-13. [Medline].
Brochamer WL Jr, Keeling MM. The bone marrow biopsy, osteoscan, and peripheral blood in non-hematopoietic cancer. Cancer. 1977 Aug. 40(2):836-40. [Medline].
Makoni SN, Laber DA. Clinical spectrum of myelophthisis in cancer patients. Am J Hematol. 2004 May. 76(1):92-3. [Medline].
Bodem CR, Hamory BH, Taylor HM, Kleopfer L. Granulomatous bone marrow disease. A review of the literature and clinicopathologic analysis of 58 cases. Medicine (Baltimore). 1983 Nov. 62(6):372-83. [Medline].
Shamdas GJ, Ahmann FR, Matzner MB, Ritchie JM. Leukoerythroblastic anemia in metastatic prostate cancer. Clinical and prognostic significance in patients with hormone-refractory disease. Cancer. 1993 Jun 1. 71(11):3594-600. [Medline].
Sharma P, Pati HP, Mishra PC, et al. Inability of immunomorphometric assessment of angiogenesis to distinguish primary versus secondary myelofibrosis. Anal Quant Cytol Histol. 2011 Aug. 33(4):236-44. [Medline].
Vardiman JW. The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues: an overview with emphasis on the myeloid neoplasms. Chem Biol Interact. 2010 Mar 19. 184 (1-2):16-20. [Medline].
Vardiman JW, Thiele J, Arber DA, et al. The 2008 revision of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia: rationale and important changes. Blood. 2009 Jul 30. 114(5):937-51. [Medline].
Bellanné-Chantelot C, Chaumarel I, Labopin M, et al. Genetic and clinical implications of the Val617Phe JAK2 mutation in 72 families with myeloproliferative disorders. Blood. 2006 Jul 1. 108(1):346-52. [Medline].