- Author: Jenny E Halfhill, DO; Chief Editor: Carl V Smith, MD more...
The goals of pharmacotherapy are to reduce the pain associated with needle insertion and prevent complications.
Local Anesthetics, Amides
Local anesthetics are used for local pain relief.
Lidocaine inhibits depolarization of type C sensory neurons by blocking sodium channels. It is injected into the skin and subcutaneous tissue to reduce the pain associated with needle insertion.
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