Mycobacterium Xenopi Treatment & Management

  • Author: Mansoor Arif, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA  more...
 
Updated: Oct 07, 2015
 

Medical Care

A physician detecting a positive M xenopi culture result must differentiate among colonization, contamination, and true disease.

Assess bacteriologic data (eg, repeated isolation, organism identification), clinical symptoms, and radiographic findings within the entire clinical context.

Treat with chemotherapy, although optimal therapy is not well established.

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Surgical Care

Surgery may be curative for patients who present with solitary pulmonary nodules and for those with localized pulmonary disease who fail to respond to, or who relapse after, chemotherapy.

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Consultations

See the list below:

  • Infectious disease specialist
  • Thoracic surgery specialist
  • Pulmonary medicine specialist
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Diet

Patients do not require special diets.

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Activity

Patients do not require activity restrictions.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Mansoor Arif, MD, MBBS Chief Medical Resident, Department of Internal Medicine, Mount Auburn Hospital

Mansoor Arif, MD, MBBS is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, Massachusetts Medical Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Syed Faisal Mahmood, MBBS Associate Professor of Infectious Diseases, Program Director, Infectious Diseases Fellowship Program, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Aaron Glatt, MD Chief Administrative Officer, Executive Vice President, Mercy Medical Center, Catholic Health Services of Long Island

Aaron Glatt, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Chest Physicians, American Association for Physician Leadership, American College of Physicians, American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine, American Medical Association, American Society for Microbiology, American Thoracic Society, American Venereal Disease Association, Infectious Diseases Society of America, International AIDS Society, Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA Clinical Professor of Medicine, Florida State University College of Medicine; Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Central Florida College of Medicine

Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Medical Association, American Society for Microbiology, Infectious Diseases Society of America, International AIDS Society, Florida Infectious Diseases Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Martin Backer, MD Fellow in Combined Adult and Pediatric Infectious Diseases, State University of New York Health Sciences Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Wesley W Emmons, MD, FACP Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University; Consulting Staff, Infectious Diseases Section, Department of Internal Medicine, Christiana Care, Newark, DE

Wesley W Emmons, MD, FACP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Medical Association, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Infectious Diseases Society of America, and International AIDS Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Sailaja Kolli, MD Fellow, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, The Brooklyn Hospital Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Klaus-Dieter Lessnau, MD, FCCP Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine; Medical Director, Pulmonary Physiology Laboratory; Director of Research in Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary Medicine, Lenox Hill Hospital

Klaus-Dieter Lessnau, MD, FCCP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Chest Physicians, American College of Physicians, American Medical Association, American Thoracic Society, and Society of Critical Care Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Larry I Lutwick, MD Professor of Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical School; Director, Infectious Diseases, Veterans Affairs New York Harbor Health Care System, Brooklyn Campus

Larry I Lutwick, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians and Infectious Diseases Society of America

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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