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Sarcosporidiosis Follow-up

  • Author: Edward Charbek, MD; Chief Editor: Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA  more...
 
Updated: Oct 07, 2015
 

Further Outpatient Care

Patients with the enteric form of sarcosporidiosis may be tested to document clearance of the sarcocyst from their stool. Note that shedding can continue for up to 6 months.

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Further Inpatient Care

Inpatient care is not typically indicated in the absence of a serious co-morbidity such as myocarditis or severe diarrhea with accompanying dehydration.

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Inpatient & Outpatient Medications

Oral corticosteroids are indicated in the outpatient setting for symptomatic inflammatory muscular involvement.

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Deterrence/Prevention

Instruct patients not to eat raw beef or pork if the risk of sarcosporidiosis is present in the community.

Practice good food hygiene to prevent fecal-oral transmission of this parasite.

Ensure that meat is properly cooked or frozen (see Diet).

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Complications

Serious complications may include dehydration, eosinophilic enteritis, and ulcerative obstructive entercolitis.[23]

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Prognosis

Sarcosporidiosis is a self-limited disease that carries an excellent prognosis. Rarely, eosinophilic myositis symptoms can persist for many years, recurring when further cyst wall deterioration occurs.

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Patient Education

Sarcosporidiosis is a significant food-borne zoonotic infection and is a risk in travelers to and from Southeast Asia. Persons who shed infected oocysts in their stool can spread the infection to others through the fecal-oral route if sanitation is poor. Instruct patients not to eat raw beef or pork and to practice good food hygiene. It should also be emphasized that Sarcocystis infection has been found in other common species such as sheep, horses, and camels.[20] Patients should understand that sarcosporidiosis does not necessitate routine treatment and is usually an incidental finding discovered on muscle biopsy.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Edward Charbek, MD Fellow in Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, St Louis University Hospital

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Nirav Patel, MD Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology and Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, St Louis University School of Medicine; Interim Chief Medical Officer, Director of Antibiotic Stewardship, Infection Control Officer, St Louis University Hospital

Nirav Patel, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Missouri State Medical Association, Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, Society of Critical Care Medicine, Infectious Diseases Society of St Louis, St Louis Metropolitan Medical Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Joseph F John, Jr, MD, FACP, FIDSA, FSHEA Clinical Professor of Medicine, Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine; Associate Chief of Staff for Education, Ralph H Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Joseph F John, Jr, MD, FACP, FIDSA, FSHEA is a member of the following medical societies: Charleston County Medical Association, Infectious Diseases Society of America, South Carolina Infectious Diseases Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA Clinical Professor of Medicine, Florida State University College of Medicine; Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Central Florida College of Medicine

Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Medical Association, American Society for Microbiology, Infectious Diseases Society of America, International AIDS Society, Florida Infectious Diseases Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Raphael J Kiel, MD Associate Professor of Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine; Associate Professor of Medicine, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine; Consulting Staff, Infectious Diseases Division, William Beaumont Hospital; Consulting Staff, Infectious Diseases Division Providence Hospital

Raphael J Kiel, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine, American Geriatrics Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Nicholas R Ondrasik, DO Resident Physician, Department of Internal Medicine, Tripler Army Medical Center

Nicholas R Ondrasik, DO is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, American Osteopathic Association, Christian Medical and Dental Associations, Association of Military Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Gunther Hsue, MD Consulting Staff, Department of Infectious Diseases, Chief, Multi-Specialty Clinic, Tripler Army Medical Center

Gunther Hsue, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Armed Forces Infectious Diseases Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Kenneth C Earhart, MD Deputy Head, Disease Surveillance Program, United States Naval Medical Research Unit #3

Kenneth C Earhart, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Infectious Diseases Society of America, and Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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