Yellow Fever Differential Diagnoses
- Author: Mary T Busowski, MD; Chief Editor: Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA more...
Based on its clinical presentation, yellow fever may be mistaken for other infectious diseases present in tropical regions; however, failure to consider this illness in a febrile traveler could have a grave outcome. Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of yellow fever include the following:
- Hemorrhagic fevers (dengue hemorrhagic, Rift Valley, Venezuelan, Bolivian, Argentine, Lassa, Crimean-Congo, Marburg, and Ebola fevers)
- Hepatitis E
- Arenavirus infection: Lassa fever, South American viral hemorrhagic fevers
- Bunyavirus infection: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
- Ebola virus infection
- Louse-borne relapsing fever
- Other flaviviruses, such as West Nile virus
- Sepsis/multiorgan system dysfunction
- Viral encephalitides, such as Japanese encephalitis
- Liver failure (other causes)
- Toxic hepatitis
- Toxin-mediated hepatitis
- Other viral hemorrhagic fevers
- Other flaviviruses
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