Close
New

Medscape is available in 5 Language Editions – Choose your Edition here.

 

Western Equine Encephalitis Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Mohan Nandalur, MD; Chief Editor: Burke A Cunha, MD  more...
 
Updated: Feb 29, 2016
 
 

Diagnostic Considerations

Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of Western equine encephalitis (WEE), in addition to those in the next section, include the following:

  • Bartonellosis
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Herpes simplex
  • Histoplasmosis
  • Lyme disease
  • Naegleria infection
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Spinal cord abscess
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Mumps
  • Rabies virus
  • Stroke
  • Metabolic encephalopathy
  • Reye syndrome
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

See the following for more information:

Differential Diagnoses

 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Mohan Nandalur, MD Staff Physician, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Washington Hospital Center

Mohan Nandalur, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American College of Cardiology, American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Andrew W Urban, MD Chief, Section of Infectious Diseases, Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital; Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Wisconsin at Madison School of Medicine and Public Health

Andrew W Urban, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

John L Brusch, MD, FACP Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Consulting Staff, Department of Medicine and Infectious Disease Service, Cambridge Health Alliance

John L Brusch, MD, FACP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, Infectious Diseases Society of America

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Burke A Cunha, MD Professor of Medicine, State University of New York School of Medicine at Stony Brook; Chief, Infectious Disease Division, Winthrop-University Hospital

Burke A Cunha, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Chest Physicians, American College of Physicians, Infectious Diseases Society of America

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Kenneth C Earhart, MD Deputy Head, Disease Surveillance Program, United States Naval Medical Research Unit #3

Kenneth C Earhart, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Infectious Diseases Society of America, and Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
  1. Jose J, Snyder JE, Kuhn RJ. A structural and functional perspective of alphavirus replication and assembly. Future Microbiol. 2009 Sep. 4:837-56. [Medline]. [Full Text].

  2. Sindac JA, Barraza SJ, Dobry CJ, Xiang J, Blakely PK, Irani DN, et al. Optimization of Novel Indole-2-carboxamide Inhibitors of Neurotropic Alphavirus Replication. J Med Chem. 2013 Nov 12. [Medline].

  3. Netolitzky DJ, Schmaltz FL, Parker MD. Complete genomic RNA sequence of western equine encephalitis virus and expression of the structural genes. J Gen Virol. 2000 Jan. 81 Pt 1:151-9. [Medline].

  4. Bianchi TI, Aviles G, Monath TP. Western equine encephalomyelitis: virulence markers and their epidemiologic significance. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1993 Sep. 49(3):322-8. [Medline].

  5. Sellers RF, Maarouf AR. Weather factors in the prediction of western equine encephalitis epidemics in Manitoba. Epidemiol Infect. 1993 Oct. 111(2):373-90. [Medline].

  6. Johnson AJ, Martin DA, Karabatsos N. Detection of anti-arboviral immunoglobulin G by using a monoclonal antibody-based capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. J Clin Microbiol. 2000 May. 38(5):1827-31. [Medline].

  7. Chiles RE, Reisen WK. A new enzyme immunoassay to detect antibodies to arboviruses in the blood of wild birds. J Vector Ecol. 1998 Dec. 23(2):123-35. [Medline].

  8. Wang Z, Zhang X, Li C, Zhang Y, Xing D, Wu Y, et al. Vector competence of five common mosquito species in the People's Republic of China for Western equine encephalitis virus. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012 Jul. 12(7):605-8. [Medline].

  9. Elgart ML. Medical pearl: permethrin can prevent arthropod bites and stings. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004 Aug. 51(2):289. [Medline].

Previous
Next
 
 
 
 
All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2016 by WebMD LLC. This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.