Close
New

Medscape is available in 5 Language Editions – Choose your Edition here.

 

Rheumatic Fever Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
 
Updated: Oct 08, 2015
 
 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA Clinical Professor of Medicine, Florida State University College of Medicine; Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Central Florida College of Medicine

Mark R Wallace, MD, FACP, FIDSA is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Medical Association, American Society for Microbiology, Infectious Diseases Society of America, International AIDS Society, Florida Infectious Diseases Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Larry I Lutwick, MD Professor of Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical School; Director, Infectious Diseases, Veterans Affairs New York Harbor Health Care System, Brooklyn Campus

Larry I Lutwick, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, Infectious Diseases Society of America

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Jayashree Ravishankar, MD, MRCP Medical Director, STAR Health Center, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center

Jayashree Ravishankar, MD, MRCP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, Infectious Diseases Society of America

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Richard B Brown, MD, FACP Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Baystate Medical Center; Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine

Richard B Brown, MD, FACP is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American College of Chest Physicians, American College of Physicians, American Medical Association, American Society for Microbiology, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Massachusetts Medical Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Michael Stuart Bronze, MD David Ross Boyd Professor and Chairman, Department of Medicine, Stewart G Wolf Endowed Chair in Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center; Master of the American College of Physicians; Fellow, Infectious Diseases Society of America

Michael Stuart Bronze, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Medical Association, Oklahoma State Medical Association, Southern Society for Clinical Investigation, Association of Professors of Medicine, American College of Physicians, Infectious Diseases Society of America

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Thomas J Marrie, MD Dean of Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University Faculty of Medicine, Canada

Thomas J Marrie, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American College of Physicians, American Society for Microbiology, Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
  1. Cilliers AM. Rheumatic fever and its management. BMJ. 2006 Dec 2. 333(7579):1153-6. [Medline].

  2. Stollerman GH. Rheumatic fever. Lancet. 1997 Mar 29. 349(9056):935-42. [Medline].

  3. Bisno AL, Pearce IA, Stollerman GH. Streptococcal infections that fail to cause recurrences of rheumatic fever. J Infect Dis. 1977 Aug. 136(2):278-85. [Medline].

  4. Shulman ST. Rheumatic heart disease in developing countries. N Engl J Med. 2007 Nov 15. 357(20):2089; author reply 2089. [Medline].

  5. McDonald M, Currie BJ, Carapetis JR. Acute rheumatic fever: a chink in the chain that links the heart to the throat?. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004 Apr. 4(4):240-5. [Medline].

  6. Carapetis JR, McDonald M, Wilson NJ. Acute rheumatic fever. Lancet. 2005. 366:155-68. [Medline].

  7. Erdem G, Mizumoto C, Esaki D, Reddy V, Kurahara D, Yamaga K, et al. Group A streptococcal isolates temporally associated with acute rheumatic fever in Hawaii: differences from the continental United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Aug 1. 45(3):e20-4. [Medline].

  8. Guilherme L, Kalil J, Cunningham M. Molecular mimicry in the autoimmune pathogenesis of rheumatic heart disease. Autoimmunity. 2006 Feb. 39(1):31-9. [Medline].

  9. Guilherme L, Kalil J. Rheumatic Heart Disease: Molecules Involved in Valve Tissue Inflammation Leading to the Autoimmune Process and Anti-S. pyogenes Vaccine. Front Immunol. 2013. 4:352. [Medline].

  10. Veasy LG, Wiedmeier SE, Orsmond GS. Resurgence of acute rheumatic fever in the intermountain area of the United States. N Engl J Med. 1987 Feb 19. 316(8):421-7. [Medline].

  11. Wallace MR, Garst PD, Papadimos TJ, Oldfield EC 3rd. The return of acute rheumatic fever in young adults. JAMA. 1989 Nov 10. 262(18):2557-61. [Medline].

  12. Erdem G, Dodd A, Tuua A, Sinclair S, I'atala TF, Marrone JR, et al. Acute rheumatic fever in American Samoa. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Dec. 26(12):1158-9. [Medline].

  13. Carapetis JR, Steer AC, Mulholland EK, Weber M. The global burden of group A streptococcal diseases. Lancet Infect Dis. 2005 Nov. 5(11):685-94. [Medline].

  14. Carapetis JR. Rheumatic heart disease in developing countries. N Engl J Med. 2007 Aug 2. 357(5):439-41. [Medline].

  15. Joseph N, Madi D, Kumar GS, Nelliyanil M, Saralaya V, Rai S. Clinical spectrum of rheumatic Fever and rheumatic heart disease: a 10 year experience in an urban area of South India. N Am J Med Sci. 2013 Nov. 5(11):647-52. [Medline].

  16. Casey JD, Solomon DH, Gaziano TA, Miller AL, Loscalzo J. Clinical problem-solving. A patient with migrating polyarthralgias. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jul 4. 369(1):75-80. [Medline].

  17. Atatoa-Carr P, Lennon D, Wilson N,. Rheumatic fever diagnosis, management, and secondary prevention: a New Zealand guideline. N Z Med J. 2008 Apr 4. 121(1271):59-69. [Medline].

  18. Weiner SG, Normandin PA. Sydenham chorea: a case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007 Jan. 23(1):20-4. [Medline].

  19. Marijon E, Ou P, Celermajer DS, Ferreira B, Mocumbi AO, Jani D, et al. Prevalence of rheumatic heart disease detected by echocardiographic screening. N Engl J Med. 2007 Aug 2. 357(5):470-6. [Medline].

  20. Marijon E, Ou P, Celermajer DS, Ferreira B, Mocumbi AO, Sidi D, et al. Echocardiographic screening for rheumatic heart disease. Bull World Health Organ. 2008 Feb. 86(2):84. [Medline].

  21. Vijayalakshmi IB, Vishnuprabhu RO, Chitra N, Rajasri R, Anuradha TV. The efficacy of echocardiographic criterions for the diagnosis of carditis in acute rheumatic fever. Cardiol Young. 2008 Oct 10. 1-7. [Medline].

  22. Sahin M, Yildirim I, Ozkutlu S, Alehan D, Ozer S, Karagöz T. Clinical features and mid- and long-term outcomes of pediatric patients with subclinical carditis. Turk J Pediatr. 2012 Sep-Oct. 54(5):486-92. [Medline].

  23. Narula J, Kaplan EL. Echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic fever. Lancet. 2001 Dec 8. 358(9297):2000. [Medline].

  24. Tubridy-Clark M, Carapetis JR. Subclinical carditis in rheumatic fever: a systematic review. Int J Cardiol. 2007 Jun 25. 119(1):54-8. [Medline].

  25. Lopez-Benitez JM, Miller LC, Schaller JG, Moreno LM, de Canata ME. Erroneous diagnoses in children referred with acute rheumatic fever. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2008 Feb. 27(2):181-2. [Medline].

  26. Kaplan EL, Anthony BF, Chapman SS, Ayoub EM, Wannamaker LW. The influence of the site of infection on the immune response to group A streptococci. J Clin Invest. 1970 Jul. 49(7):1405-14. [Medline].

  27. Ayoub EM, Nelson B, Shulman ST, Barrett DJ, Campbell JD, Armstrong G. Group A streptococcal antibodies in subjects with or without rheumatic fever in areas with high or low incidences of rheumatic fever. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2003 Sep. 10(5):886-90. [Medline].

  28. Wilson NJ, Voss L, Morreau J, Stewart J, Lennon D. New Zealand guidelines for the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever: small increase in the incidence of definite cases compared to the American Heart Association Jones criteria. N Z Med J. 2013 Aug 2. 126(1379):50-9. [Medline].

  29. Shivaram P, Ahmed MI, Kariyanna PT, Sabbineni H, Avula UM. Doppler echocardiography imaging in detecting multi-valvular lesions: a clinical evaluation in children with acute rheumatic fever. PLoS One. 2013. 8(9):e74114. [Medline].

  30. Pereira BA, da Silva NA, Andrade LE, Lima FS, Gurian FC, de Almeida Netto JC. Jones criteria and underdiagnosis of rheumatic fever. Indian J Pediatr. 2007 Feb. 74(2):117-21. [Medline].

  31. Voss LM, Wilson NJ, Neutze JM, Whitlock RM, Ameratunga RV, Cairns LM. Intravenous immunoglobulin in acute rheumatic fever: a randomized controlled trial. Circulation. 2001 Jan 23. 103(3):401-6. [Medline].

  32. Bilavsky E, Eliahou R, Keller N, Yarden-Bilavsky H, Harel L, Amir J. Effect of benzathine penicillin treatment on antibiotic susceptibility of viridans streptococci in oral flora of patients receiving secondary prophylaxis after rheumatic fever. J Infect. 2008 Apr. 56(4):244-8. [Medline].

  33. Dale JB. Current status of group A streptococcal vaccine development. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2008. 609:53-63. [Medline].

  34. Veasy LG. Time to take soundings in acute rheumatic fever. Lancet. 2001 Jun 23. 357(9273):1994-5. [Medline].

  35. Ragupathi L, Herman J, Mather P. Late Recurrence of Rheumatic Fever. Am J Med Sci. 2015 Oct. 350 (4):342-3. [Medline].

Previous
Next
 
Clinical manifestations and time course.
 
 
 
All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2016 by WebMD LLC. This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.