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Hyponatremia Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Eric E Simon, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FACP, FASN  more...
Updated: Jul 05, 2016

Diagnostic Considerations

Other problems to consider in the differential diagnosis are as follows:

  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Paraproteinemia
  • Pseudohyponatremia

Differential Diagnoses

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Eric E Simon, MD Professor of Medicine, Chief, Section of Nephrology and Hypertension, Tulane University School of Medicine; Director, Nephrology Training, Medical Director, Dialysis Clinic, Inc, Canal Street

Eric E Simon, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Federation for Medical Research, American Heart Association, American Physiological Society, American Society of Nephrology, Central Society for Clinical and Translational Research, International Society of Nephrology, National Kidney Foundation, Phi Beta Kappa, American Society for Cell Biology, Southern Society for Clinical Investigation

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Seyed Mehrdad Hamrahian, MD Assistant Professor of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University

Seyed Mehrdad Hamrahian, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Society of Nephrology, International Society of Nephrology, National Kidney Foundation

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Federico J Teran, MD Instructor of Clinical Medicine, Section of Nephrology and Hypertension, Tulane University School of Medicine

Federico J Teran, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Medical Association, American Society of Nephrology, Louisiana State Medical Society, National Kidney Foundation, Renal Physicians Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN Professor of Medicine, Chief, Nephrology Division, Director, Nephrology Training Program, Director, Metabolic Stone Clinic, Kidney Disease Program, University of Louisville School of Medicine; Consulting Staff, Louisville Veterans Affairs Hospital

Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN is a member of the following medical societies: American Association for the Advancement of Science, International Society of Nephrology, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, American Federation for Medical Research, American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, American Society of Nephrology, American Society of Transplantation, Kentucky Medical Association, National Kidney Foundation, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Received grant/research funds from Dept of Veterans Affairs for research; Received salary from American Society of Nephrology for asn council position; Received salary from University of Louisville for employment; Received salary from University of Louisville Physicians for employment; Received contract payment from American Physician Institute for Advanced Professional Studies, LLC for independent contractor; Received contract payment from Healthcare Quality Strategies, Inc for independent cont.

Chief Editor

Vecihi Batuman, MD, FACP, FASN Huberwald Professor of Medicine, Section of Nephrology-Hypertension, Tulane University School of Medicine; Chief, Renal Section, Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System

Vecihi Batuman, MD, FACP, FASN is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Society of Hypertension, American Society of Nephrology, International Society of Nephrology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

James H Sondheimer, MD, FACP, FASN Associate Professor of Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine; Medical Director of Hemodialysis, Harper University Hospital at Detroit Medical Center; Medical Director, DaVita Greenview Dialysis (Southfield)

James H Sondheimer, MD, FACP, FASN is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Society of Nephrology

Disclosure: Receive dialysis unit medical director fee (as independ ent contractor) for: DaVita .

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Central pontine myelinolysis, MRI FLAIR
Extrapontine myelinolysis T2
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