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Renal Artery Stenosis Follow-up

  • Author: Bruce S Spinowitz, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FACP, FASN  more...
 
Updated: Jul 18, 2016
 

Further Outpatient Care

In view of the natural history of RVD, patients require serial determinations of serum creatinine levels. Adequate blood pressure control is required, with monitoring of serum potassium levels as necessary. Duplex ultrasound, if available, allows regular follow-up of radiologic progression.

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Prognosis

Researchers have studied the natural history of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis by obtaining images from sequential abdominal aortographs or duplex ultrasound scans in patients with documented renal artery lesions who have been treated medically. Most studies show that progressive arterial obstruction occurs in 42-53% of patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, often within the first 2 years of radiographic follow-up. The incidence rate of progression to complete renal artery occlusion in these studies ranges from 9-16%; this often occurs in patients with a high-degree stenosis. In a study of 85 patients at the Cleveland Clinic who were followed for 3-172 months, patients with mild-to-moderate stenosis remained unchanged upon follow-up, and 39% of patients with greater than 75% lesions progressed to total occlusion.[46]

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Bruce S Spinowitz, MD, FACP Clinical Professor of Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University; School of Medicine; Associate Chairman, Associate Director and Attending Physician, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, New York Hospital Medical Center Queens; Associate, Nephrology Associates, PC

Bruce S Spinowitz, MD, FACP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis, Renal Physicians Association, American Society of Nephrology, International Society of Nephrology

Disclosure: Received grant/research funds from AMAG Pharmaceuticals for independent contractor; Received grant/research funds from Amgen for independent contractor; Received grant/research funds from Vifor for independent contractor; Received grant/research funds from Hospira for independent contractor; Received grant/research funds from Relypsa for independent contractor; Received grant/research funds from Akebia for independent contractor; Received grant/research funds from ZS Pharma for none.

Coauthor(s)

Joanna Rodriguez, MD 

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN Professor of Medicine, Chief, Nephrology Division, Director, Nephrology Training Program, Director, Metabolic Stone Clinic, Kidney Disease Program, University of Louisville School of Medicine; Consulting Staff, Louisville Veterans Affairs Hospital

Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN is a member of the following medical societies: American Association for the Advancement of Science, International Society of Nephrology, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, American Federation for Medical Research, American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, American Society of Nephrology, American Society of Transplantation, Kentucky Medical Association, National Kidney Foundation, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Received grant/research funds from Dept of Veterans Affairs for research; Received salary from American Society of Nephrology for asn council position; Received salary from University of Louisville for employment; Received salary from University of Louisville Physicians for employment; Received contract payment from American Physician Institute for Advanced Professional Studies, LLC for independent contractor; Received contract payment from Healthcare Quality Strategies, Inc for independent cont.

Chief Editor

Vecihi Batuman, MD, FACP, FASN Huberwald Professor of Medicine, Section of Nephrology-Hypertension, Tulane University School of Medicine; Chief, Renal Section, Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System

Vecihi Batuman, MD, FACP, FASN is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, American Society of Hypertension, American Society of Nephrology, International Society of Nephrology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Donald A Feinfeld, MD, FACP, FASN Consulting Staff, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Beth Israel Medical Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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