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Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Deficiency in Adults Follow-up

  • Author: Vaishali Popat, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG  more...
 
Updated: Nov 11, 2013
 

Further Outpatient Care

The care of the patient depends on the goals of treatment, such as induction of puberty in preadolescents or increase in sperm production or ovulation induction in adults. In all cases, monitor the patient for problems associated with hypogonadism. One of the primary health concerns is osteoporosis.

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Patient Education

For excellent patient education resources, visit eMedicineHealth's Thyroid and Metabolism Center, Women's Health Center, and Pregnancy Center. Also, see eMedicineHealth's patient education articles Hypopituitary, Anatomy of the Endocrine System, Menopause, Amenorrhea, Birth Control Overview, and Birth Control Methods.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Vaishali Popat, MD, MPH Clinical Investigator, Intramural Research Program in Reproductive and Adult Endocrinology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health

Vaishali Popat, MD, MPH is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, Endocrine Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Karim Anton Calis, PharmD, MPH FASHP, FCCP, Clinical Professor, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University; Clinical Professor, University of Maryland; Clinical Investigator, Office of the Clinical Director, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health

Karim Anton Calis, PharmD, MPH is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Clinical Pharmacy, American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Endocrine Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Ziad Rafic Hubayter, MD, MPH Fellow, The Howard and Georgeanna Jones Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins University, National Institute of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Ziad Rafic Hubayter, MD, MPH is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Medical Association, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Chief Editor

Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG Associate Professor of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine

Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Bruce A Meyer, MD, MBA Executive Vice President for Health System Affairs, Executive Director, Faculty Practice Plan, Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Bruce A Meyer, MD, MBA is a member of the following medical societies: Medical Group Management Association, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Association for Physician Leadership, American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Massachusetts Medical Society, Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

The authors and editors of Medscape Reference gratefully acknowledge the contributions of previous authors James N Anasti, MD and Michael Cackovic, MD to the development and writing of this article.

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Human GPR54 receptor model. Mutations identified in patients with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism are indicated.
KiSS-1 protein product model. Amino acids 1-19 are predicted to form a signal peptide. Proteolytic processing is predicted to produce kisspeptin-54, corresponding to amino acids 68-121. Shown is the C-terminal amidated decapeptide sequence, wherein biologic actively resides.
 
 
 
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