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Traumatic Brachial Plexopathy Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Vladimir Kaye, MD; Chief Editor: Robert H Meier, III, MD  more...
 
Updated: Aug 27, 2015
 
 

Diagnostic Considerations

These include the following:

  • Traumatic root avulsion
  • Anterior horn cell disorders
  • Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Entrapment syndromes of the upper extremity
  • Iatrogenic injury - Injection and/or block, thoracotomy, tourniquet paralysis
  • Sports injury - Stingers, burners
  • Psychogenic paralysis
  • Intraspinal and brachial plexus neoplasm
  • Myopathy
  • Neurodegenerative process
  • Toxic process - Exposure to heavy metals, synthetic hydrocarbons, alcohol
  • Infiltrative process
  • Vasculitic process - Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), diabetes
  • Hemorrhagic process in the spinal cord or nerve sheath
  • Immunogenic process -Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, transverse myelitis
  • Shoulder and scapulothoracic dislocation, fracture, tendinitis, or capsulitis

Differential Diagnoses

 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Vladimir Kaye, MD Consulting Staff, Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry, Hoag Hospital

Vladimir Kaye, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, North American Spine Society, American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Murray E Brandstater, MBBS Chairman and Program Director, Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Loma Linda University School of Medicine

Murray E Brandstater, MBBS is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine, American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, American Medical Association, Association for Academic Psychiatry, California Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Canadian Association of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Canadian Medical Association, Canadian Society of Clinical Neurophysiologists, Catholic Medical Association, National Stroke Association, Ontario Medical Association, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of the United States

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Aishwarya Patil, MD Physiatrist (Rehabilitation Physician), Vice Chair, Immanuel Rehabilitation Center

Aishwarya Patil, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine, Association of Academic Physiatrists, Association of Physicians of India

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Robert H Meier, III, MD Director, Amputee Services of America; Active Medical Staff, Presbyterian/St Luke’s Hospital, Spalding Rehabilitation Hospital, Select Specialty Hospital; Consulting Staff, Kindred Hospital

Robert H Meier, III, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Association of Academic Physiatrists

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Teresa L Massagli, MD Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine, Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine

Teresa L Massagli, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals, American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Association of Academic Physiatrists

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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