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Cystic Diseases of the Kidney Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Thomas Patrick Frye, DO; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
 
Updated: Jan 28, 2015
 
 

Diagnostic Considerations

Other problems to be considered include the following:

  • Angiomyolipomas
  • Cysts of the renal sinus (including peripelvic cysts, parapelvic cysts, parapelvic lymphatic cysts, and parapelvic lymphangiectasia)
  • Hemangioma
  • Multilocular cystic nephroma

Differential Diagnoses

 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Thomas Patrick Frye, DO Clinical Fellow, Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Steven Abboud Research Fellow, Medical Research Scholars Program, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Steven Abboud is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, American Medical Student Association/Foundation

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Chief Editor

Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS Professor of Urology, Director, Center for Laparoscopy and Endourology, Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine

Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Surgeons, Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, Society of University Urologists, Association of Military Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons, American Urological Association, Endourological Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Edmund S Sabanegh, Jr, MD Chairman, Department of Urology, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Edmund S Sabanegh, Jr, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, American Society of Andrology, Society of Reproductive Surgeons, Society for the Study of Male Reproduction, American Society for Reproductive Medicine, American Urological Association, SWOG

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

John M Corman, MD Clinical Associate Professor of Urology, University of Washington at Seattle; Consulting Staff, Department of Urology, Virginia Mason Medical Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Alex Gorbonos, MD Assistant Professor, Department of Urology, Loyola University School of Medicine

Alex Gorbonos, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Urological Association, Endourological Society, and Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Justin A Siegal, MD Radiologist, Department of Radiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Andrew T Trout, MD Resident Physician, Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical School

Andrew T Trout is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, Phi Beta Kappa, Radiological Society of North America, and Sigma Xi

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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Cut surface of a nephrectomy specimen from a patient with a multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK).
Nephrectomy specimen from a patient with a large benign simple cyst.
External surface of a nephrectomy specimen from a patient with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).
Cut surface of the same nephrectomy specimen from a patient with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).
Cut section of nephrectomy specimen demonstrating renal cell carcinoma (RCC), with an adjacent simple cyst.
Close-up photograph of the cut surface of the same nephrectomy specimen demonstrating a simple cyst adjacent to a renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
A prenatal sonogram of a fetus with a multicystic dysplastic kidney. The right kidney is appreciated as a large multicystic paraspinal mass. The left kidney and bladder are normal, and a normal amount of amniotic fluid is present.
CT examination of the abdomen of a 70-year-old woman with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is shown. The kidneys are bilaterally enlarged with multiple cysts.
CT scan of the same patient (70-year-old woman with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease [ADPKD]) demonstrating multiple hepatic cysts.
This CT scan demonstrates acquired renal cystic disease (ARCD) in a 70-year-old man who is dialysis-dependent. The CT scan demonstrates bilateral atrophic kidneys with multiple renal cysts.
A CT scan of a 38-year-old man with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (VHLS). The patient previously underwent resection of multiple bilateral renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). CT scan demonstrates multiple cysts in the kidneys and pancreas, as well as solid renal lesions suggestive of malignancy.
 
 
 
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