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Chemical Burns Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Robert D Cox, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
 
Updated: Oct 06, 2015
 
 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Robert D Cox, MD, PhD Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Mississippi Medical Center; Medical Director, Mississippi Regional Poison Control Center

Robert D Cox, MD, PhD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Emergency Physicians, American College of Medical Toxicology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

John T VanDeVoort, PharmD Regional Director of Pharmacy, Sacred Heart and St Joseph's Hospitals

John T VanDeVoort, PharmD is a member of the following medical societies: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Jon Mark Hirshon, MD, MPH, PhD Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine

Jon Mark Hirshon, MD, MPH, PhD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Emergency Medicine, American College of Emergency Physicians, American Public Health Association, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Joe Alcock, MD, MS Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center

Joe Alcock, MD, MS is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Emergency Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Jerry R Balentine, DO, FACEP, FACOEP Vice President, Medical Affairs and Global Health, New York Institute of Technology; Professor of Emergency Medicine, New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine

Jerry R Balentine, DO, FACEP, FACOEP is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Emergency Physicians, New York Academy of Medicine, American College of Osteopathic Emergency Physicians, American Association for Physician Leadership, American Osteopathic Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
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  2. Bronstein AC, Spyker DA, Cantilena LR Jr, Rumack BH, Dart RC. 2011 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data System (NPDS): 25th Annual Report. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2012 Nov. 50 (10):911-1164.

  3. Barillo DJ, Cancio LC, Goodwin CW. Treatment of white phosphorus and other chemical burn injuries at one burn center over a 51-year period. Burns. 2004 Aug. 30(5):448-52. [Medline].

  4. Mannan A, Ghani S, Clarke A, Butler PE. Cases of chemical assault worldwide: a literature review. Burns. 2007 Mar. 33(2):149-54. [Medline].

  5. Tahir C, Ibrahim BM, Terna-Yawe EH. Chemical burns from assault: a review of seven cases seen in a Nigerian tertiary institution. Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2012 Sep 30. 25(3):126-30. [Medline]. [Full Text].

  6. Notes from the field: exposures to discarded sulfur mustard munitions - mid-atlantic and new England States 2004-2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013 Apr 26. 62(16):315-6. [Medline].

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  15. Mozingo DW, Smith AA, McManus WF, et al. Chemical burns. J Trauma. 1988 May. 28(5):642-7. [Medline].

  16. Yano K, Hata Y, Matsuka K. Experimental study on alkaline skin injuries--periodic changes in subcutaneous tissue pH and the effects exerted by washing. Burns. 1993 Aug. 19(4):320-3. [Medline].

  17. Yano K, Hosokawa K, Kakibuchi M, et al. Effects of washing acid injuries to the skin with water: an experimental study using rats. Burns. 1995 Nov. 21(7):500-2. [Medline].

  18. Lin TM, Lee SS, Lai CS, Lin SD. Phenol burn. Burns. 2006 Jun. 32(4):517-21. [Medline].

  19. Bertolini JC. Hydrofluoric acid: a review of toxicity. J Emerg Med. 1992 Mar-Apr. 10(2):163-8. [Medline].

  20. Cox RD, Osgood KA. Evaluation of intravenous magnesium sulfate for the treatment of hydrofluoric acid burns. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1994. 32(2):123-36. [Medline].

  21. Friedman EM, Lovejoy FH. The emergency management of caustic ingestions. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 1984 Feb. 2(1):77-86. [Medline].

  22. Salzman M, O'Malley RN. Updates on the evaluation and management of caustic exposures. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2007 May. 25(2):459-76; abstract x. [Medline].

  23. Howell JM. Alkaline ingestions. Ann Emerg Med. 1986 Jul. 15(7):820-5. [Medline].

  24. Fulton JA, Hoffman RS. Steroids in second degree caustic burns of the esophagus: a systematic pooled analysis of fifty years of human data: 1956-2006. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2007 May. 45(4):402-8. [Medline].

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