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Pediatric Pyloric Stenosis Follow-up

  • Author: Jagvir Singh, MD; Chief Editor: Kirsten A Bechtel, MD  more...
 
Updated: Jul 27, 2015
 

Further Inpatient Care

The infant with pyloric stenosis should continue to receive intravenous fluid until feeding is resumed. Feeding can be initiated 4-8 hours after recovery from anesthesia, although earlier feeding has been studied. Infants who are fed earlier than 4 hours do not have a worse total clinical outcome; however, they do vomit more frequently and more severely, leading to significant discomfort for the patient and anxiety for the parents.

  • As many as 80% of patients continue to regurgitate after surgery; however, patients who continue to vomit 5 days after surgery may warrant further radiologic investigation.
  • Patients should be observed for surgical complications (eg, incomplete pyloromyotomy, mucosal perforation, bleeding) and may be discharged home when adequately hydrated and tolerating feedings well.
  • A study from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia showed that infants fed ad libitum were able to tolerate full feedings sooner after laparoscopic pyloromyotomy, and the standardized feeding regimen had no advantage over ad libitum feedings.[17]
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Prognosis

See the list below:

  • Surgery is curative with minimal mortality.[18]
  • The prognosis is very good, with complete recovery and catch-up growth if detected in a timely fashion.
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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Jagvir Singh, MD Director, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Lutheran General Hospital of Park Ridge

Jagvir Singh, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Richard H Sinert, DO Professor of Emergency Medicine, Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine, Research Director, State University of New York College of Medicine; Consulting Staff, Vice-Chair in Charge of Research, Department of Emergency Medicine, Kings County Hospital Center

Richard H Sinert, DO is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Physicians, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Grace M Young, MD Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland Medical Center

Grace M Young, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Emergency Physicians

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Kirsten A Bechtel, MD Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine; Co-Director, Injury Free Coalition for Kids, Yale-New Haven Children's Hospital

Kirsten A Bechtel, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Garry Wilkes, MBBS, FACEM Director of Clinical Training (Simulation), Fiona Stanley Hospital; Clinical Associate Professor, University of Western Australia; Adjunct Associate Professor, Edith Cowan University, Western Australia

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Acknowledgements

Dara A Kass, MD Clinical Assistant Instructor, Department of Emergency Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Kings County Hospital

Dara A Kass, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Emergency Physicians, Emergency Medicine Residents Association, and Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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Lateral view from an upper GI study demonstrates the double-track sign.
 
 
 
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