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Tendonitis Medication

  • Author: Mark Steele, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
 
Updated: Oct 01, 2014
 

Medication Summary

The goals of pharmacotherapy are to control pain and decrease inflammation.

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Class Summary

These agents are used for the relief of mild to moderate pain. Although the effects of NSAIDs in the treatment of pain tend to be patient specific, ibuprofen usually is the drug of choice (DOC) for initial therapy. Other options include naproxen and indomethacin.

Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Ibuprin, Nuprin)

 

Usually DOC for treatment of mild to moderate pain if no contraindications are present.

Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain, probably by decreasing activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase, which results in inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis.

Naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve)

 

For relief of mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing activity of enzyme cyclooxygenase, which results in decrease of prostaglandin synthesis.

Indomethacin (Indocin, Indochron E-R)

 

Rapidly absorbed; metabolism occurs in liver by demethylation, deacetylation, and glucuronide conjugation; inhibits prostaglandin synthesis.

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Corticosteroids

Class Summary

These agents have both anti-inflammatory (glucocorticoid) and salt-retaining (mineralocorticoid) properties. Glucocorticoids have profound and varied metabolic effects. In addition, these agents modify the body's immune response to diverse stimuli.

Dexamethasone acetate (Decadron, AK-Dex, Alba-Dex, Dexone)

 

Decreases inflammation by suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reducing capillary permeability. Dosage varies with degree of inflammation and size of affected area.

Methylprednisolone acetate (Solu-Medrol, Depo-Medrol, Medrol)

 

Decreases inflammation by suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reversing increased capillary permeability.

Use 0.5-1 mL (40 mg/mL) mixed with equal or double volume of 1% local anesthetic (ie, lidocaine). Dosage varies with degree of inflammation and size of affected area.

Hydrocortisone acetate (Solu-Cortef, Cortef)

 

Decreases inflammation by suppressing migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reversing increased capillary permeability.

Use 0.5-1 mL (25 or 50 mg/mL) mixed with equal or double volume of 1% local anesthetic (ie, lidocaine). Dosage varies with degree of inflammation and size of affected area.

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Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Mark Steele, MD Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Chief Medical Officer, Truman Medical Center, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine

Mark Steele, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Emergency Medicine, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Jeffrey G Norvell, MD Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine

Jeffrey G Norvell, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Emergency Medicine, American College of Emergency Physicians, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Gino A Farina, MD, FACEP, FAAEM Professor of Emergency Medicine, Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine at Hofstra University; Program Director, Department of Emergency Medicine, Long Island Jewish Medical Center

Gino A Farina, MD, FACEP, FAAEM is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Emergency Medicine, American College of Emergency Physicians, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Herbert S Diamond, MD Visiting Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center; Chairman Emeritus, Department of Internal Medicine, Western Pennsylvania Hospital

Herbert S Diamond, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American College of Physicians, American College of Rheumatology, American Medical Association, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Richard S Krause, MD Senior Clinical Faculty/Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Buffalo State University of New York School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences

Richard S Krause, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Emergency Medicine, American College of Emergency Physicians, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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Hawkins test. The examiner forward flexes the arms to 90° and then forcibly internally rotates the shoulder. This movement pushes the supraspinatus tendon against the anterior surface of the coracoacromial ligament and coracoid process. Pain indicates a positive test result for supraspinatus tendonitis.
Speed test.
Yergason test.
The proximal patellar tendon is most commonly affected in jumper's knee.
Iliotibial band at the lateral femoral condyle, with the posterior fibers denoted.
The Ober test.
 
 
 
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