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Ankle Impingement Syndrome Workup

  • Author: Marc A Molis, MD, FAAFP; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD  more...
 
Updated: Sep 30, 2015
 

Imaging Studies

Plain radiography, bone scanning, and computed tomography (CT) scanning findings are usually normal. Plain radiographs may show an enlarged posterior tubercle of the talus or an os trigonum in patients with posterior ankle impingement.[11, 13]  Having the patient adopt a lunge position that reproduces their pain may show bone-on-bone impingement on a plain radiograph. Patients with anterior ankle impingement may show tibial and talar spurring.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the imaging technique of choice because of its advantage in identifying osseous and soft-tissue abnormalities.

Stress radiography findings are usually negative, and this study is not indicated.

Ultrasound may be useful in identifying some synovitic lesions, especially within the anterolateral gutter.[14]

 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Marc A Molis, MD, FAAFP Medical Director of Sports Medicine, Sports Medicine of Iowa

Marc A Molis, MD, FAAFP is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Family Physicians, American College of Sports Medicine, American Medical Association, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, Iowa Medical Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Received salary from Medscape for employment. for: Medscape.

Russell D White, MD Clinical Professor of Medicine, Clinical Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Community and Family Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Truman Medical Center-Lakewood

Russell D White, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Family Physicians, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, American College of Sports Medicine, American Diabetes Association, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Craig C Young, MD Professor, Departments of Orthopedic Surgery and Community and Family Medicine, Medical Director of Sports Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin

Craig C Young, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Family Physicians, American College of Sports Medicine, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

David T Bernhardt, MD Director of Adolescent and Sports Medicine Fellowship, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics/Ortho and Rehab, Division of Sports Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

David T Bernhardt, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Sports Medicine, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
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  2. Ferkel RD. Ankle and foot injuries. Fu FH, Stone DA, eds. Sports Injuries. Baltimore, Md: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1994.

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  18. Liu SH, Raskin A, Osti L, et al. Arthroscopic treatment of anterolateral ankle impingement. Arthroscopy. 1994 Apr. 10(2):215-8. [Medline].

  19. Ferkel RD, Karzel RP, Del Pizzo W, Friedman MJ, Fischer SP. Arthroscopic treatment of anterolateral impingement of the ankle. Am J Sports Med. 1991 Sep-Oct. 19(5):440-6. [Medline].

  20. Wiegerinck JI, Vroemen JC, van Dongen TH, Sierevelt IN, Maas M, van Dijk CN. The posterior impingement view: an alternative conventional projection to detect bony posterior ankle impingement. Arthroscopy. 2014 Oct. 30 (10):1311-6. [Medline].

  21. Smyth NA, Zwiers R, Wiegerinck JI, Hannon CP, Murawski CD, van Dijk CN, et al. Posterior hindfoot arthroscopy: a review. Am J Sports Med. 2014 Jan. 42 (1):225-34. [Medline].

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Radiograph of an os trigonum in a ballet dancer. Image courtesy of Dr. Craig Young.
 
 
 
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