Nasal and Septal Fractures Workup
- Author: Daniel G Becker, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA more...
See the list below:
- The use of radiography is controversial. Old fractures, vascular markings, and suture lines can lead to false-positive results. A Water's view can be used to evaluate the bony septum, dorsal pyramid, and lateral nasal walls. However, studies have shown that radiographs are not helpful in the diagnosis or management of nasal fractures.
- CT is more useful to assess for other associated injuries, as well as extent of nasal injury. Septal fractures may be more obviously depicted on these films. Because the nose occupies such a prominent and accessible position, careful examination is possible and may obviate any need for radiographic study.
- Photographs are useful and necessary for documentation and for comparison with preinjury photos. Photographs should include the standard angles used in facial analysis: frontal, left and right lateral, left and right oblique, base view, and often a bird's eye or partial base view. A smiling lateral view can also be helpful to evaluate depressor septae nasalis function. While 35-mm film and cameras still allow a superior resolution, digital photography is quickly becoming more prevalent.
Hwang K, You SH, Lee HS. Outcome analysis of sports-related multiple facial fractures. J Craniofac Surg. 2009 May. 20(3):825-9. [Medline].
Atisha DM, Burr Tv, Allori AC, Puscas L, Erdmann D, Marcus JR. Facial Fractures in the Aging Population. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016 Feb. 137 (2):587-93. [Medline].
Liu C, Legocki AT, Mader NS, Scott AR. Nasal fractures in children and adolescents: Mechanisms of injury and efficacy of closed reduction. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2015 Dec. 79 (12):2238-42. [Medline].
Han DS, Han YS, Park JH. A new approach to the treatment of nasal bone fracture: the clinical usefulness of closed reduction using a C-arm. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2011 Jul. 64(7):937-43. [Medline].
Han DS, Han YS, Park JH. A new approach to the treatment of nasal bone fracture: radiologic classification of nasal bone fractures and its clinical application. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011 Nov. 69(11):2841-7. [Medline].
Hung T, Chang W, Vlantis AC, Tong MC, van Hasselt CA. Patient satisfaction after closed reduction of nasal fractures. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2007 Jan-Feb. 9(1):40-3. [Medline].
Yi CR, Kim YJ, Kim H, et al. Comparison study of the use of absorbable and nonabsorbable materials as internal splints after closed reduction for nasal bone fracture. Arch Plast Surg. 2014 Jul. 41(4):350-4. [Medline]. [Full Text].
Fernandes SV. Nasal fractures: the taming of the shrewd. Laryngoscope. 2004 Mar. 114(3):587-92. [Medline].
Mondin V, Rinaldo A, Ferlito A. Management of nasal bone fractures. Am J Otolaryngol. 2005 May-Jun. 26(3):181-5. [Medline].
Reilly MJ, Davison SP. Open vs closed approach to the nasal pyramid for fracture reduction. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2007 Mar-Apr. 9(2):82-6. [Medline].