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Williams Syndrome Follow-up

  • Author: Joanna Lazier, MD; Chief Editor: Howard S Weber, MD, FSCAI  more...
Updated: Jan 14, 2015

Further Outpatient Care

School performance, hyperactivity, and the child's eventual role in society are long-term issues that need to be addressed on an ongoing basis.

Anticipatory guidance is essential to help parents prepare for future needs of children with Williams syndrome.



Consider the progressive nature of medical problems in Williams syndrome, including vascular stenosis, hypertension, and joint contractures.

Medical complications may occur, especially related to the cardiovascular system. However, most individuals with Williams syndrome are healthy and lead active full lives.

Most adults with Williams syndrome are used in various settings and can perform self-care tasks. Some adults with Williams syndrome require the daily care of parents or caregivers; however, others may live with less supervision and care. Few adults with Williams syndrome live entirely independently.

Mild accelerated physical and cognitive aging has been noted.


Patient Education

Inform parents or caregivers of the Williams Syndrome Association for supporting resources and education. Williams Syndrome Associations are located in the United States and Canada. They provide valuable resources for parents and caregivers. The Williams Syndrome Association can be contacted by phone (248-244-2229) or through the Williams Syndrome Association Website.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Joanna Lazier, MD Resident Physician, Department of Medical Genetics, University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine, Canada

Joanna Lazier, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alberta Medical Association, American Society of Human Genetics, Canadian Medical Association, Canadian Association of Interns and Residents, Professional Association of Resident Physicians of Alberta

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Aneal Khan, MD, MSc FRCP(C), FCCMG, Assistant Professor of Medical Genetics and Pediatrics, University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine; Consulting Staff, Departments of Pediatrics and Medical Genetics, Alberta Children's Hospital, Canada

Aneal Khan, MD, MSc is a member of the following medical societies: Canadian Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Ameeta Martin, MD Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Nebraska College of Medicine

Ameeta Martin, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Cardiology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Howard S Weber, MD, FSCAI Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Cardiology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine; Director of Interventional Pediatric Cardiology, Penn State Hershey Children's Hospital

Howard S Weber, MD, FSCAI is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions

Disclosure: Received income in an amount equal to or greater than $250 from: St. Jude Medical.

Additional Contributors

Jeffrey Allen Towbin, MD, MSc FAAP, FACC, FAHA, Professor, Departments of Pediatrics (Cardiology), Cardiovascular Sciences, and Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine; Chief of Pediatric Cardiology, Foundation Chair in Pediatric Cardiac Research, Texas Children's Hospital

Jeffrey Allen Towbin, MD, MSc is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American College of Cardiology, American College of Sports Medicine, American Heart Association, American Medical Association, American Society of Human Genetics, New York Academy of Sciences, Society for Pediatric Research, Texas Medical Association, Texas Pediatric Society, Cardiac Electrophysiology Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


The authors and editors of Medscape Drugs & Diseases gratefully acknowledge the contributions of previous coauthors Oana Caluseriu, MD, Lennox H Huang, MD, FAAP, and Nathaniel H Robin, MD, to the development and writing of the source article.

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Two-dimensional suprasternal echocardiographic image of supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS).
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