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Coronary Artery Anomalies Follow-up

  • Author: Louis I Bezold, MD; Chief Editor: Stuart Berger, MD  more...
Updated: Jan 05, 2015


Transfer patients to a facility with specialists experienced in the techniques of selective coronary arteriography and intervention, with specialists experienced in nuclear medicine, with radiographers knowledgeable in quantification of myocardial injury and recovery potential, and with both pediatric and adult cardiovascular surgeons to facilitate optimal surgical repair.


Patient Education

Advise cautious reintegration into physical education and sports for those patients who have sustained a cardiac injury.

For patient education resources, see Heart Health Center as well as Tetralogy of Fallot.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Louis I Bezold, MD Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University College of Medicine; Director, Cardiology Consultation Service, Nationwide Children's Hospital

Louis I Bezold, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, American Society of Echocardiography, Society of Pediatric Echocardiography

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Julian M Stewart, MD, PhD Associate Chairman of Pediatrics, Director, Center for Hypotension, Westchester Medical Center; Professor of Pediatrics and Physiology, New York Medical College

Julian M Stewart, MD, PhD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Autonomic Society, American Physiological Society

Disclosure: Received grant/research funds from Lundbeck Pharmaceuticals for none.

Chief Editor

Stuart Berger, MD Medical Director of The Heart Center, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin; Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Cardiology, Medical College of Wisconsin

Stuart Berger, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Cardiology, American College of Chest Physicians, American Heart Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Juan Carlos Alejos, MD Clinical Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine

Juan Carlos Alejos, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, American Medical Association, International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation

Disclosure: Received honoraria from Actelion for speaking and teaching.

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Incidence of coronary artery abnormalities detected in 1,950 selective coronary angiograms performed in adult patients with suspected coronary arterial obstructive disease and otherwise anatomically normal hearts.
Normal anatomy of coronary arteries, viewed from above with the atria removed. A = aortic valve; P = pulmonary valve; T = tricuspid valve; M = mitral valve; RCA = right coronary artery; AM = acute marginal branch of the right coronary artery; CB = conus branch of the right coronary artery; PD = posterior descending branch; AVN = atrioventricular nodal branch; Circ = circumflex coronary artery; OM = obtuse marginal branches of circumflex coronary artery; LAD = left anterior descending coronary artery; Diag = diagonal branches of the left anterior descending coronary artery; Inter = intermedius branch of the left coronary artery.
Thirteen patterns of origin and proximal epicardial course of coronary arteries in 255 hearts with complete transposition of the great arteries. LAD = left anterior descending coronary artery; LCA = left coronary artery; LCx = left circumflex coronary artery; RCA = right coronary artery. (Image courtesy of Excerpta Medica, Inc).
MRI of anomalous right coronary artery (RCA = black arrow) arising from the left sinus of Valsalva and coursing interatrially between the aorta (AO) and the pulmonary artery (PA). Note the oblique origin and the intramural course within the aortic wall, all factors compromising coronary blood flow.
Three-dimensional volume rendering from multidetector CT imaging of a large right coronary artery aneurysm (arrow). Subtraction of the myocardium in B shows the fistula draining to the coronary sinus and then into the right atrium. (Reproduced from Manghat NE, Morgan-Hughes GJ, Marshall AJ, Roobottom CA: Multidetector row computed tomography: imaging congenital coronary artery anomalies in adults. Heart 2005 Dec; 91(12): 1515-22).
Selective right coronary arterial injection in an 8-month-old female with tetralogy of Fallot malformation. Study demonstrates left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) arising early from the right coronary artery (RCA) and coursing across the right ventricular outflow tract. Left anterior oblique projection.
Operative repair of anomalous left coronary artery (LCA) from the right sinus of Valsalva. The slitlike anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right aortic sinus of Valsalva is demonstrated, as is the intramural course of the coronary artery. (B) The intramural course of the artery is unroofed, placing the functional ostium in the left sinus. (C) Tacking sutures are used to secure the intima of the new coronary ostium and to reinforce the adjacent commissure of the aortic valve. (Reproduced from Jaquiss RD, Tweddell JS, Litwin SB: Surgical therapy for sudden cardiac death in children. Pediatr Clin North Am 2004 Oct; 51(5): 1389-400).
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