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Right Aortic Arch in Vascular Ring Defects Medication

  • Author: Doff B McElhinney, MD; Chief Editor: Howard S Weber, MD, FSCAI  more...
 
Updated: Jan 12, 2015
 
 

Medication Summary

Aside from analgesia, pharmacologic therapy is not typically required in patients with a vascular ring with a right aortic arch unless associated conditions are present.

 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

Doff B McElhinney, MD Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Associate in Cardiology, Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Boston

Doff B McElhinney, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Cardiology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Coauthor(s)

Gil Wernovsky, MD, FACC, FAAP Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Gil Wernovsky, MD, FACC, FAAP is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Ameeta Martin, MD Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Nebraska College of Medicine

Ameeta Martin, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Cardiology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Howard S Weber, MD, FSCAI Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Cardiology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine; Director of Interventional Pediatric Cardiology, Penn State Hershey Children's Hospital

Howard S Weber, MD, FSCAI is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions

Disclosure: Received income in an amount equal to or greater than $250 from: St. Jude Medical.

Additional Contributors

Juan Carlos Alejos, MD Clinical Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine

Juan Carlos Alejos, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, American Medical Association, International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation

Disclosure: Received honoraria from Actelion for speaking and teaching.

References
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Left: Schematic diagram of the primitive pharyngeal arch system showing the left (L) and right (R) external carotid (EC) and internal carotid (IC) arteries, the fourth (IV) and sixth (VI) pharyngeal arches, distal pulmonary arterial segments (PA), dorsal aortas (DA), and seventh intersegmental arteries (VII). The proximal (p) sixth arches develop into the proximal pulmonary arteries, and the distal (d) sixth arches become the arterial ducts. The seventh intersegmental arteries develop into the subclavian arteries. Right: Schematic diagram depicting the segments of the pharyngeal arch system that regress (shown in black) in order for normal development of the great arteries and their thoracic branches (common carotid artery [CCA], left pulmonary artery [LPA], ductus arteriosus [PDA], right pulmonary artery [RPA], subclavian artery [SCA]).
Left: Schematic diagram depicting the segments of the pharyngeal arch system that regress (shown in black) in order for the development of a right aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery. Abbreviations are as in the first image. Right: Mature anatomy of a vascular ring formed by a right aortic arch with an aberrant left subclavian artery arising from a retroesophageal diverticulum with a left-sided ligamentum arteriosum to the left pulmonary artery.
Left: Schematic diagram depicting the segments of the pharyngeal arch system that regress (shown in black) in order for the development of a right aortic arch with mirror-image branching of the brachiocephalic vessels and a left-sided ductus arteriosus from the descending aorta to the left pulmonary artery. Abbreviations are as in the first image. Right: Mature anatomy of a vascular ring formed by a right aortic arch with mirror-image branching of the brachiocephalic vessels and a left-sided ductus arteriosus from the descending aorta to the left pulmonary artery.
Left: Schematic diagram depicting the segments of the pharyngeal arch system that regress (shown in black) in order for the development of a right aortic arch with aberrant retroesophageal left innominate artery. Abbreviations are as in the first image. Right: Mature anatomy of a vascular ring formed by a right aortic arch with an aberrant retroesophageal left innominate artery with a left-sided ligamentum arteriosum to the left pulmonary artery.
 
 
 
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