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Pediatric Milia Treatment & Management

  • Author: Nicholas V Nguyen, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
Updated: Apr 08, 2016

Medical Care

Treatment of congenital milia is not necessary as these lesions have a tendency to spontaneously resolve. When multiple lesions are present in older children, topical retinoids may be effective.


Surgical Care

Milia are easily treated with simple surgical interventions. These procedures are not painless; however, anesthesia is not needed for most patients. A small incision is made with a No. 11 blade or hypodermic needle. A comedone extractor is used to apply tangential pressure and express the contents. Other instruments may also be used including the blunt side of a curette or even a paper clip.



No restriction of activity is required.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Nicholas V Nguyen, MD Resident Physician, Department of Dermatology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Denver Health Medical Center, University of Colorado Hospital, VA Eastern Colorado

Nicholas V Nguyen, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Dermatology, International Society of Dermatology, Society for Pediatric Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Tracy Funk, MD Fellow in Pediatric Dermatology, Department of Dermatology, The Children’s Hospital Colorado

Tracy Funk, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Dermatology, American Academy of Pediatrics, Society for Pediatric Dermatology, Women's Dermatologic Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH Professor and Head of Dermatology, Professor of Pathology, Pediatrics, Medicine, and Preventive Medicine and Community Health, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School; Visiting Professor, Rutgers University School of Public Affairs and Administration

Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, New York Academy of Medicine, American Academy of Dermatology, American College of Physicians, Sigma Xi

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Dirk M Elston, MD Professor and Chairman, Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina College of Medicine

Dirk M Elston, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Dermatology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Kevin P Connelly, DO Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics and Emergency Care, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine; Medical Director, Paws for Health Pet Visitation Program of the Richmond SPCA; Pediatric Emergency Physician, Emergency Consultants Inc, Chippenham Medical Center

Kevin P Connelly, DO is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Osteopathic Pediatricians, American Osteopathic Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Ruchir Agrawal, MD Chief, Allergy and Immunology, Aurora Sheboygan Clinic

Ruchir Agrawal, MD, is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology, American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, and American Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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Milia in a week old infant.
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