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Avoidant Personality Disorder Workup

  • Author: David C Rettew, MD; Chief Editor: Caroly Pataki, MD  more...
 
Updated: Oct 07, 2015
 

Other Tests

Young children should receive an audiology examination to rule out hearing problems.

Clinicians may want to consider using rating scales or standardized diagnostic interviews designed for the quantitative assessment of personality disorders and other psychiatric disorders.

 
 
Contributor Information and Disclosures
Author

David C Rettew, MD Director, Pediatric Psychiatry Clinic, Fletcher Allen Health Care; Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics, University of Vermont College of Medicine

David C Rettew, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, American Psychiatric Association

Disclosure: Received royalty from Norton Publishers for other.

Coauthor(s)

Michael S Jellinek, MD Chief Clinical Officer, Partners HealthCare System, Inc

Michael S Jellinek, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Pediatric Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Alicia C Doyle University of Vermont College of Medicine

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Caroly Pataki, MD Health Sciences Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine

Caroly Pataki, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York Academy of Sciences, Physicians for Social Responsibility

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

References
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  3. Schwartz CE, Snidman N, Kagan J. Adolescent social anxiety as an outcome of inhibited temperament in childhood. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1999 Aug. 38(8):1008-15. [Medline].

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  5. Seefeldt WL, Krämer M, Tuschen-Caffier B, Heinrichs N. Hypervigilance and avoidance in visual attention in children with social phobia. J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2013 Sep 22. 45(1):105-112. [Medline].

  6. Kendler KS, Aggen SH, Czajkowski N, Roysamb E, Tambs K, Torgersen S, et al. The structure of genetic and environmental risk factors for DSM-IV personality disorders: a multivariate twin study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008 Dec. 65(12):1438-46. [Medline]. [Full Text].

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  8. Grant BF, Hasin DS, Stinson FS, et al. Prevalence, correlates, and disability of personality disorders in the United States: results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions. J Clin Psychiatry. 2004 Jul. 65(7):948-58. [Medline].

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  13. Rettew DC. Avoidant personality disorder, generalized social phobia, and shyness: putting the personality back into personality disorders. Harv Rev Psychiatry. 2000 Dec. 8(6):283-97. [Medline].

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  15. Cox BJ, Pagura J, Stein MB, Sareen J. The relationship between generalized social phobia and avoidant personality disorder in a national mental health survey. Depress Anxiety. 2009. 26(4):354-62. [Medline].

  16. Emmelkamp PM, Benner A, Kuipers A, et al. Comparison of brief dynamic and cognitive-behavioural therapies in avoidant personality disorder. Br J Psychiatry. 2006 Jul. 189:60-4. [Medline]. [Full Text].

  17. Skodol AE, Bender DS, Pagano ME, et al. Positive childhood experiences: resilience and recovery from personality disorder in early adulthood. J Clin Psychiatry. 2007 Jul. 68(7):1102-8. [Medline].

  18. Westen D, Shedler J, Durrett C, et al. Personality diagnoses in adolescence: DSM-IV axis II diagnoses and an empirically derived alternative. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 May. 160(5):952-66. [Medline].

  19. Wong Sarver N, Beidel DC, Spitalnick JS. The Feasibility and Acceptability of Virtual Environments in the Treatment of Childhood Social Anxiety Disorder. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2013 Oct 21. [Medline].

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