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Aicardi Syndrome Follow-up

  • Author: Ravi Sunderkrishnan, MD; Chief Editor: Maria Descartes, MD  more...
Updated: Mar 31, 2016


See the list below:

  • Early sudden death is typical in severely affected individuals and is usually caused by pulmonary complications such as pneumonia.
  • Seizures or their treatments (eg, adrenocorticotropic hormone [ACTH]) may also be associated with increased morbidity (eg, hypertension, diabetes, infections) and death.
  • The aforementioned malignancies may develop, and choroid plexus papillomas may cause obstructive hydrocephalus.


See the list below:

  • Prognosis is uniformly poor, with most children unable to walk or communicate; those who can are not high-functioning and require continuous care for their needs.
  • Survival rates have been improving, with an estimated survival of 62% at age 27 years.

Patient Education

For patient education resources, see the Brain and Nervous System Center and Children's Health Center, as well as Epilepsy and Seizures in Children.

Patients may also be referred to the Aicardi Syndrome Foundation.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Ravi Sunderkrishnan, MD Fellow in Nephrology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Maria Descartes, MD Professor, Department of Human Genetics and Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine

Maria Descartes, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, American Medical Association, American Society of Human Genetics, Society for Inherited Metabolic Disorders, International Skeletal Dysplasia Society, Southeastern Regional Genetics Group

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

James Bowman, MD Senior Scholar of Maclean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, Professor Emeritus, Department of Pathology, University of Chicago

James Bowman, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Society for Clinical Pathology, American Society of Human Genetics, Central Society for Clinical and Translational Research, College of American Pathologists

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Ronald G Davis, MD, MPH, FAAP Assistant Clinical Professor, Child Neurology, Florida State University; Owner and Medical Director of Pediatric Neurology, PA and Pediatric Neurology Epilepsy Center of Central Florida; Medical Director of Epileptology, Arnold Palmer Hospital for Women and Children in Orlando, Florida; Medical Director, Central Florida Muscular Dystrophy Association Clinic

Ronald G Davis, MD, MPH, FAAP is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Epilepsy Society, and Child Neurology Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose. Marc P DiFazio, MD Associate Professor, Department of Neurology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Director, Pediatric Subspecialty Services, Shady Grove Adventist Hospital for Children

Marc P DiFazio, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine, American Academy of Neurology, Child Neurology Society, and Movement Disorders Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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Cross-section of an eye in a patient with Aicardi syndrome. The arrow indicates chorioretinal lacunae.
Chorioretinal lacunae.
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