Cri-du-chat Syndrome Follow-up

Updated: Jun 09, 2017
  • Author: Mithilesh K Lal, MD, MBBS, MRCP, FRCPCH, MRCPCH(UK); Chief Editor: Maria Descartes, MD  more...
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Follow-up

Deterrence/Prevention

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  • See Special Concerns for information regarding genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in cri-du-chat syndrome.
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Prognosis

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  • After the first years of life, the mortality (10%) and morbidity rates are low. About 75% of deaths occurred during the first months of life, and as many as 90% occurred within the first year.
  • Recent improvements in management and rehabilitation programs have resulted in increased psychomotor development, improved autonomy, and better social adaptation.
  • Until recently, little was known about the cognitive function of patients with cri-du-chat syndrome. Recent literature indicates that many children can develop some language and motor skills. These children attain the developmental and social skills commonly observed in children aged 5-6 years, although their linguistic abilities are seldom as advanced. Older, home-reared children are usually ambulatory, able to communicate verbally or through sign language, and independent in self-care skills.
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Patient Education

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  • Families are greatly affected. The main contributor to increased family stress is the child's maladaptive behavior. However, these families also receive social support from other families, friends, and concerned professionals. Up-to-date information about the syndrome and other resources should be made available. The following sources of information are available:
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