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Hypoprothrombinemia Follow-up

  • Author: J Nathan Hagstrom, MD; Chief Editor: Robert J Arceci, MD, PhD  more...
Updated: Apr 08, 2016

Further Outpatient Care

Patients with inherited prothrombin deficiency should receive follow up with a hematologist at a comprehensive center that cares for patients with bleeding disorders. Follow-up should occur on a yearly basis as a minimum.

A hematologist should initially evaluate patients with acquired hypoprothrombinemia. Follow-up care depends on the underlying cause.



Patients with lupus anticoagulant-hypoprothrombinemia syndrome (LAHS) after a viral infection can be expected to spontaneously recover. For example, in a study of children with LAHS, involving two cases studies and a literature review, Sarker et al reported that children with LAHS associated with autoimmune conditions had a prolonged disease course and required an extended period of immunosuppressive treatment. In contrast, children with LAHS related to viral infections either experienced spontaneous disease resolution or required only a short course of immunomodulating therapy.[7]

Few patients with systemic lupus erythematosus–associated LAHS (most cases) have spontaneously recovered. Immunosuppressive therapy successfully controls bleeding and increases prothrombin levels in most patients, though some have had a recurrence of symptoms when drug therapy was tapered.

The prognosis for patients with inherited prothrombin deficiency varies. The degree of deficiency does not always predict the clinical course, as patients with severe deficiency with only mild bleeding tendencies have been reported. Impairment of the procoagulant and anticoagulant activities of prothrombin are speculated to result in a delicate coagulation balance in patients who have mild or no symptoms.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

J Nathan Hagstrom, MD Division Head and Director, Hematology-Oncology, Connecticut Children's Medical Center; Associate Professor of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut

J Nathan Hagstrom, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Society of Hematology, American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


James L Harper, MD Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology/Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Associate Chairman for Education, Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center; Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Creighton University School of Medicine; Director, Continuing Medical Education, Children's Memorial Hospital; Pediatric Director, Nebraska Regional Hemophilia Treatment Center

James L Harper, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, American Federation for Clinical Research, Council on Medical Student Education in Pediatrics, Hemophilia and Thrombosis Research Society, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Association for Cancer Research, American Society of Hematology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Gary D Crouch, MD Associate Professor, Program Director of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Fellowship, Department of Pediatrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Gary D Crouch, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Society of Hematology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Robert J Arceci, MD, PhD Director, Children’s Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, Department of Hematology/Oncology, Co-Director of the Ron Matricaria Institute of Molecular Medicine, Phoenix Children’s Hospital; Editor-in-Chief, Pediatric Blood and Cancer; Professor, Department of Child Health, University of Arizona College of Medicine

Robert J Arceci, MD, PhD is a member of the following medical societies: American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Association for Cancer Research, American Pediatric Society, American Society of Hematology, American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Gary R Jones, MD Associate Medical Director, Clinical Development, Berlex Laboratories

Gary R Jones, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, and Western Society for Pediatric Research

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Sara E Tisdale, MD Resident Physician, Creighton University Joint Pediatric Residency Program, Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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