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Pediatric Factor XIII Deficiency Differential Diagnoses

  • Author: Helge Dirk Hartung, MD; Chief Editor: Max J Coppes, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
Updated: Jun 06, 2016

Diagnostic Considerations

Acquired factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency can be caused by liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and disseminated intravascular coagulation, although controversy surrounds whether the low plasma levels in these conditions actually contribute to clinical bleeding. The development of autoantibodies to factor XIII has been reported. Consider other congenital coagulation factor deficiencies, most notably afibrinogenemia.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Helge Dirk Hartung, MD Attending Physician, Division of Hematology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

James L Harper, MD Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology/Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Associate Chairman for Education, Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center; Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Creighton University School of Medicine; Director, Continuing Medical Education, Children's Memorial Hospital; Pediatric Director, Nebraska Regional Hemophilia Treatment Center

James L Harper, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, American Federation for Clinical Research, Council on Medical Student Education in Pediatrics, Hemophilia and Thrombosis Research Society, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Association for Cancer Research, American Society of Hematology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Max J Coppes, MD, PhD, MBA Executive Vice President, Chief Medical and Academic Officer, Renown Heath

Max J Coppes, MD, PhD, MBA is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Healthcare Executives, American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Society for Pediatric Research

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Gary R Jones, MD Associate Medical Director, Clinical Development, Berlex Laboratories

Gary R Jones, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, and Western Society for Pediatric Research

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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Activation of factor XIII (FXIII) by thrombin and calcium is a 2-step process. Thrombin cleaves an arginine-lysine bond in the A subunit and calcium causes dissociation of the B subunit, exposing the active site on the A subunit (XIIIa).
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