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Bacterial Tracheitis Follow-up

  • Author: Sujatha Rajan, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
Updated: Oct 20, 2015

Further Outpatient Care

Patient should complete an appropriate course (usually 10 d) of oral antibiotics.


Further Inpatient Care

Consider extubation when bacterial tracheitis appears to be resolving, especially with decreased secretions suctioned from the endotracheal tube.



Transfer is required for patients in respiratory distress, patients in need of a pediatric intensive care unit, and patients who need a pediatric-sized bronchoscope.



The following complications have been reported:

  • Pneumonia - Reported in 19-60% of cases (Guidelines for avoiding health care–associated pneumonia have been established.[14] )
  • Septicemia
  • Toxic shock
  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • Endotracheal tube complications
    • Plugging, accidental extubation
    • Postextubation stridor, subglottic stenosis
  • Anoxic encephalopathy
  • Cardiorespiratory arrest


Once the patient is past the acute phase, complete recovery is expected.


Patient Education

Keep immunizations up-to-date.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Sujatha Rajan, MD Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein School of Medicine; Consulting Staff, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Schneider Children's Hospital, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System

Sujatha Rajan, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Sunil K Sood, MBBS, , MD Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Chief, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Firm Director, Pediatric Unit, Schneider Children's Hospital at North Shore, North Shore University Hospital

Sunil K Sood, MBBS, , MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Society for Microbiology, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Society for Pediatric Research

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Kathryn Clark Emery, MD Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center; Consulting Staff, Department of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital of Denver

Kathryn Clark Emery, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Joseph Domachowske, MD Professor of Pediatrics, Microbiology and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, State University of New York Upstate Medical University

Joseph Domachowske, MD is a member of the following medical societies: Alpha Omega Alpha, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Society for Microbiology, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, Phi Beta Kappa

Disclosure: Received research grant from: Pfizer;GlaxoSmithKline;AstraZeneca;Merck;American Academy of Pediatrics<br/>Received income in an amount equal to or greater than $250 from: Sanofi Pasteur;Astra Zeneca;Novartis<br/>Consulting fees for: Sanofi Pasteur; Novartis; Merck; Astra Zeneca.

Chief Editor

Russell W Steele, MD Clinical Professor, Tulane University School of Medicine; Staff Physician, Ochsner Clinic Foundation

Russell W Steele, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Association of Immunologists, American Pediatric Society, American Society for Microbiology, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Louisiana State Medical Society, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, Society for Pediatric Research, Southern Medical Association

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

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