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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Medication

  • Author: Keith K Vaux, MD; Chief Editor: Ted Rosenkrantz, MD  more...
Updated: Jan 16, 2015

Medication Summary

Some children with fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol syndrome disorder present with clinically significant impulsivity, hyperactivity, oppositional behavior, and/or sleep disorders. Medication may assist with these symptoms. However, whether these abnormalities due to prenatal alcohol exposure respond to medications that successfully treat these behaviors when they are due to other or unknown causes is not established. Therefore, the successful use of medication may depend on the individual child's history and presentation.

Contributor Information and Disclosures

Keith K Vaux, MD Professor of Medicine, Clinical Chief and Division Director, Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine; Director, Rare Disease Program, Rady Children's Hospital San Diego and UC San Diego

Keith K Vaux, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, Western Society for Pediatric Research

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


Christina Chambers, MPH, PhD Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California at San Diego; Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University

Christina Chambers, MPH, PhD is a member of the following medical societies: Society for Epidemiologic Research, Teratology Society, Research Society on Alcoholism, International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Specialty Editor Board

Mary L Windle, PharmD Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Arun K Pramanik, MD, MBBS Professor of Pediatrics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Arun K Pramanik, MD, MBBS is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Thoracic Society, National Perinatal Association, Southern Society for Pediatric Research

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Chief Editor

Ted Rosenkrantz, MD Professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Obstetrics/Gynecology, Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Ted Rosenkrantz, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Pediatric Society, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research, American Medical Association, Connecticut State Medical Society, Society for Pediatric Research

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Additional Contributors

Oussama Itani, MD, FAAP, FACN Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University; Medical Director, Department of Neonatology, Borgess Medical Center

Oussama Itani, MD, FAAP, FACN is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Pediatrics, American Association for Physician Leadership, American Heart Association, American College of Nutrition

Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.


The authors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of Christine D Dittmer, MD, and Sarah L Lentz-Kapua, MD, to the writing and development of this article.

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Facial characteristics of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome.
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